Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year
growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth
bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right
near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus
the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds
from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.
How to Cure Gout in 24 hours Naturally
Hey guys, Axe here, founder of draxe .Today, I'm going to give you my top, six home remedies to heal gout. Gout is something that's plaguing more andmore people every day, and it's caused from uric acid buildup in the body. I want to goover my top six home remedies, but right before that go over the diet that is crucial to getrid of gout, and the worst food offenders. So if you have gout, the first thing you haveto do is eliminate the excess sugar and grains in your diet, and then processed meat. Soagain, excess sugar, grains, and processed meat products are some of the biggest foodsyou need to get out of your diet.
Sugar feeds yeast in the body, the conventionalgrains turn into sugar, and then those meats, the problem there is, they're full of hormonesand antibiotics and they're so acidic to your system. Then in terms of beverages, stayingaway from alcohol. So again, those are the best things you can do right now to eliminategout symptoms. Stay away from those foods. In terms of a gout diet, a diet very highin vegetables and fruits, and then organic meats. So again, vegetables, fruits, organicmeat. Some of the best foods include things like bone broth and chicken vegetable soup.That's a good gout diet. Now here are my top six home remedies to getrid of gout for good. Here's what I can tell
you, if you follow these tips, you can getrid of gout in 24 hours or less. That fast, you can get rid of gout pain for good. Step number one: Celery seed extract and celeryjuice. Celery seed extract actually has been shown to decrease uric acid buildup in thebody. So again, you can buy the supplement, celery seed extract, or get a vegetable juicerout, juice celery juice. Or just eat celery throughout the day. Great for getting ridof gout. Number two home remedy for gout is black cherryjuice or cherry juice extract. Cherry juice, very similar benefits, it reduces inflammation,it reduces uric acid buildup in the body.
And these two things, if you just did celeryand black cherry juice, you will see very fast results in getting rid of gout. The third thing you can do is nettles. Youcan actually buy nettles tea, and nettles is a powerful antiinflammatory phytonutrient.So again, starting to do stinging nettles, you can buy that as a supplement or drinkit as a tea, it's great for getting rid of gout. Number four home remedy to get rid of goutfor good is going to be fish oil. Now fish oil doesn't act as fast as the first two,but over time, fish oil is packed with omega3
fatty acids that reduce inflammation in yourbody, decreasing your risk of gout. And last but not least here in terms of supplements,and actually I have one more after this. That's going to be proteolytic enzymes like bromelain.Now bromelain is found in the core of a pineapple, it's an enzyme that's been shown to help reduceuric acid and inflammation. One other remedy I've seen that's been verybeneficial, this is number six, is magnesium. Magnesium supplementation, it's an alkalinemineral. That alkaline mineral can also decrease uric acid formation in the body. I guarantee if you try, if you get rid ofthe things that I talked about earlier, the
excess alcohol, the sugar, the grains, theconventional meats, if you add in a diet higher in fruits and vegetables and if you use thosesix home remedies, the celery seed extract, the black cherry juice, the nettles, the fishoil, the bromelain and magnesium, and if you just have to pick two, celery seed extractand black cherry juice, you will see your gout gone in 24 hours or less. Hey, if you want to learn more natural remediesand natural cures, visit draxe . That's draxe . You can find a remedy to any healthcondition you can imagine in my Natural Cures section. Hey guys, it's been Axe withNatural Cures for Gout.