Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year
growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth
bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right
near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus
the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds
from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.
Willamette Valley Escape to Oregon Wine Country for a Romantic USA Vacation
I have had such a fabulous visit to WillametteValley here in Oregon, thanks to the spectacular wine scene, outdoor adventures and warm friendlypeople. Be sure to plan a vacation in this special region of the United States soon!Nearby Corvallis is a university small town featuring a vibrant riverfront with farmers'market, breweries and boutique shops. For some taxfree shopping, be sure to plana visit to the Woodburn Premium Outlets located between Portland and Salem. There are 110stores and services available featuring top brands and current fashions.A cute little town to check out with the family is Albany. This charming place offers over30 parks and trails to explore, and cultural
events such as the Albany wine walk and agreat historic downtown. In the Central Willamette Valley, anothernot to miss experience is the â€˜Trail of Ten Falls,' located at Silver Falls StatePark in Sublimity. Known as the â€˜crown jewel of the Oregon State Parks system,' the 11kilometertrail offers a fantastic day hike that is exquisite in its beauty and suitable for thewhole family. Cyclists should take the opportunity to ridethe Willamette Valley Scenic Bikeway between Albany and Brownsville. This is the firstofficial scenic bikeway in the United States, offering more than 200 kilometers of spectacularviews of the Cascade Mountains and Coastal
Range from Newberg to Eugene.What makes this part of Oregon so special is that the lush landscapes cultivate boththe fantastic wine culture and an appreciation for the great outdoors. Exercise, fresh airand leisure are all nurtured here. Black Walnut Inn is also a very beautifulwinery set amid the Red Hills of Dundee. The awardwinning Domaine Serene winery featuresover 85 wines rated 90 points or higher. For a completely different wine tasting experienceand all around vibe, located near downtown Eugene in the hip Whiteaker neighborhood isthe Territorial Vineyards Wine Company. Near Salem, Willamette Valley Vineyards isfamous for their world class Pinot Noir, where
the regions specific climate and soil createthe ideal circumstances for a fantastic Pinot Noir.There are so many wineries to check out here, so be sure to plan your itinerary ahead oftime to see as much as you can. Relax and unwind at a bed and breakfast, or treat yourselfto dinner at King Estate south of Eugene where the food is fantastic and the wines rate over90 points. Hi, I'm Shannon. Welcome to the WillametteValley, known as Oregon Wine Country. Join me as we experience some exceptional organicwines, culinary flavors and fun outdoor excursions. Famous for its worldclass wine and fantasticculinary scene, Oregon's Willamette Valley
spoils visitors with its lush landscapes anddecadent yet simple pleasures. This is a very special region that nurtures a lifestyle richin culture, outdoor recreation and friendly communities.
Home Vineyard Growing Wine Grapes at Home
Hello and welcome to my home vineyard Let's get a lay of the land. As you can see thisis just a simple side yard it's got about 55 feet of space long twentysix feet of space wide we elected to go with twenty twofoot long rows northsouth facing uh. the rows are spaced about five feet apartto give us ample space for the vines to grow
and for us to manage and walk through we are planting about four plants per row to give it plenty of space to spread out and grow for the rows, we used uh. just simple fenceposts these are eightfoot fence post sunk about threefeet deep we tried to go about two feet deep butit wasn't uh. it just simply wasn't stable enough so we went that extra foot for stability
the wire is fourteen gauge wire uh. we elected to go with the verticaltrellising partly because it was easier and partlybecause uh. the north south facing rows, it allow it to get sun at all hours of the day uh. we have a drip irrigation linesran along the bottom we will be using half gallon per hour drips two per plant that allows us to adjust the water
water flow and manage the irrigation a littleeasier than if we used a heavier flow we'll actually be planting syrah grapes because we tend to be in a warmer, drier climateduring the summer doing something like pinot noirwould require greater cooler temperatures. that sort of thing that's our vineyard. We'll be planting the grapes nextweek and we'll come back then.