Wine Growing New South Wales

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

Transforming NSW

Hi, I'm Mike Baird. I thought I'd take a moment just to introduce myself. I've got a great family, been married to a wonderful woman, Kerryn, for 24 years. Three terrific kids, and even a dog to round things off. When I became Premier I made a pledge to transform NSW. Building on the outstanding achievements of the past three years and accelerating the delivery of vital new infrastructure and better services in line with your expectations. My priorities remain unchanged and we'll continue to invest in the three pillars outlined in the past three budgets. Improving frontline services, delivering infrastructure, and protecting the vulnerable.

I've chosen a new team that includes a mix of experience and fresh faces. Together we're delivering new infrastructure such as WestConnex, NorthConnex, the CBD and Southeast Light Rail, and the Bridges for the Bush. The Northwest Rail Link is Australia's biggest public transport project and it's going to improve the lives of commuters in Sydney's northwest. The Southwest Rail Link is quickly taking shape. It's 12 months ahead of schedule, $100 million under budget and services to one of Sydney's fastest growing areas are on track to start next year. By living within our means we've been able to boost services

and put 5,000 additional nurses, s, teachers and police officers onto the frontline. I was recently in Wagga to inspect progress of the redevelopment of Wagga Wagga Base , the biggest rural upgrade in the state. We're redeveloping s in areas like Tamworth, Port Macquarie, Dubbo and Bega to ensure patients in the bush receive first class care in first class facilities. We've ordered brand new, state of the art inner city trains to give long distance customers a more comfortable ride. The trains currently in use will be reallocated, which will mean that for the first time all carriages across the state will be airconditioned. And we're balancing the books. Over the past three years as Treasurer I've laid the groundwork for bringing the state's finances under control.

I recently announced the lease of the Port of Newcastle in a deal that exceeded expectations and delivered a $1.75 billion windfall for the people of NSW. Newcastle's time has finally come, $340 million of the proceeds will be put towards the revitalisation of Newcastle CBD, in addition to the $120 million that government has already allocated towards that project. The remainder, more than $1.2 billion, will be invested in the government's dedicated infrastructure fund, Restart NSW, to fund vital infrastructure across the state. The NSW Government has also protected the state's AAA credit rating, secured the country's second

lowest unemployment rate and supported the creation of more 137,000 jobs since coming into office, which leads the nation. We have three years of outstanding achievements under our belt, but what you will see now is a continuation of good government with an increase in the pace of delivery as we get on with the job of transforming NSW.

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