Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied
up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be
pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the
growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,
to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
PGE Breaks Ground on 75 Million StateOfTheArt Gas Training Facility
PGE is working toward becoming the safest, most reliable gascompany in the country. And that requiresemployees who have access to the very best training. Thisweek, PGE broke ground on a 75milliondollartraining facility in the small agricultural town of Winters inYolo County. If we're going to have the safest, most reliablegas system in the country our people need to be provided
with the best tools, the besttechnology and the best training. Wecan't do that unless we have a worldclass facility, and that'swhat this is here at Winters. This is going to bestateoftheart. It was a kickoff party that includedfirst responders, elected officials, PGE employees andthe local community. A little rain didn't dampen thefestivities, which included a barbecue lunch and a celebratorycake. What's significant about
the project is that PGE willhave a consolidated location where as many as 150 gasemployees will be trained every day. The sevenacre site alsowill include a miniature utility village to train field servicerepresentatives. Having all basic three, four areas of ourgas construction talking and training in one facility, it'sgoing to be great. It's also a project that emphasizes PGE'scommitment to local communities. The town's mayor is eager to seethe project get started one
that will bring jobs, taxdollars and economic prosperity to the region. I kept sayingto myself, 'Davis has UC Davis, Woodland has a communitycollege, Vacaville has a community college, I wantedmy own college.' And, so, I consider this training facilitya vocational opportunity for so many people. It will be aneconomic catalyst for us. We have hotels and spinoffs thatare going to happen. This is a large project. We're bringingin some infrastructure that will
help surrounding properties. So,there's a lot to build off of this facility. These restaurantowners are just as thrilled to see PGE come to town. Theymoved to Winters 35 years ago. Not everybody knows whereWinters is, but sometimes when we are traveling or somewherethere will be somebody that says, 'that's where thatBuckhorn restaurant is.' So, some people know where we areoff 505. Now they are going to say, 'that's where that PGEtraining facility is.' After
some introductory remarks, themayor gave PGE a key to the city. And then a turn of dirtusing gold shovels symbolically began the project, which isexpected to be completed late next year. And with it, anothersafety milestone for PGE. For Currents, I'm David Kligman.