Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
How and why are grapevines pruned Spur pruning Chardonnay
Well if you left all of the brush on the vine you'd have a bunch of little berries on there and they wouldn't get ripe, so you wouldn't have any fruit that you could make wine out of. IT would be just like second crop even third crop. So you take most of the brushoff and you just leave spurs, with budding buds, two buds on these spurs. Some people leave three. And then when the bunches come out they are nice big
bunches and the berries fill out, completely fill out to where a bunch will weigh a half a pound, maybe, and have a lot of juice, a lot of acid, and alot of color where the others wouldn't, they'd be pink. So what you do is you prune to improve the quality of the fruit. Now this is a Chardonnay vine, about 25 years old. And this is one the arms that comes off the vine. I'm going to clean this up and leave up and leave a spur out here. So I'll take all these off.
Well, a spur has got two buds on it, two fruiting buds. You cut the rest of it off. With 20 buds on it, you cut those all off. And a cane is maybe 20 buds. You don't cut it, cut the tip and then you tie it to the wire And all those buds come out with fruit on them. Most of them come out with fruit. You can prune differentlydepending on variety and how many grapes you want to pick. A lot of people leave canes so they get more grapes.
but you are then starting to infringe on the quality, which is not a good idea If you're making wine you ought to try and produce the best grapes you can. I'll leave this two buds on this spur, and that will be be nice and clean for next year.