Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
Grape Terminology Pruning Basics
home gardeners that are trying to growgrapes in their backyard really have achallenge when it comes to pruning part of understanding what to prune andwhen to prune is understanding plant terms clearly thegrapes have a permanent root system and a permanent trunk area. it will either haveusually one or two trunks depending upon the pruningtechnique you are going to use and after that it moves up here to something called arm and then off thearm
is something called the renewal spur. ineach year either very late in the winter or veryearly in the spring as these have already been pruned forthe growing season you prune back to leave just a number abuds maybe three to five six to eight itdepends upon the pruning system again on the renewal spur. these renewal spursthen will provide us with the great clusters from this for thisyear an additional vegetative growth for next year's pruning as well as to bethe food factory
to complete the great clusters thathangs down here in the plant so when we are pruning our grapestypically we are talking about removing anywhere between 85 and 95 percent ofthe foliage and vine growth that was here from theprevious season so in grapes we leave the trunk we leave the arm, we leave a little bit of the fruiting spur or therenewal spur to create the great clusters for this year and to put on your renewal spur for nextyear
Plant Care Gardening When to Prune Blackberries
Hi this is Yolanda Vanveen and in this segmentwe are going to talk about how to prune blackberries. Now some people grow blackberries as a fruitin their garden and they keep them on a fence or a string and grow them just like you woulda berry or other berries on a vine and you would just grow them along the vine or alongthe fence and just trim them back every year and direct them on to any of the shoots onto the fence and they'll grow beautiful berries every year and we live in the Northwest andblackberries are a huge invasive weed here and on our property we have probably a halfan acre or more in the back that is just covered with blackberries and we are slowly but surelygetting rid of these blackberries a little
bit at a time. But whether you are growingthem in a garden or they are an evasive weed in your garden there is a few rules that youcan follow on pruning them. So blackberries produce a flower and then the flower producesa berry and then they eventually turn black and then they will start blackberries andthey taste so good and the deer love them as well and as you are pruning them back asyou would in your garden you want to direct all the wild branches back on to your fenceor wherever you are growing them. But in our situation we are just hacking and hackingand hacking and it seems that the more you cut out the more they grow and so the keytoo is like other plants if you are cut them
to where a leaf meets and that way they willfill out a lot more. So when you are pruning back your blackberries you have got to realizeevery little piece of blackberry vine if it touches the ground in any way will root itselfthat quickly and start new roots and if you look really closely they have little pinkeyes and that is where it will grow a new stem and it is amazing. They will take overan entire area in a couple of years so the key is to cut them back as much as you canso the only way to get rid of blackberries is to chop and chop and chop until you getdown to the ground and when you get to the main plant in the ground you pull them up.There is really no other way to do it and
even chemicals in the long run don't seemto work very well. Blackberries grow so easily so even if you cut them all the way to theground every year they are going to come up lush the next year because they love to becut back. You can always leave the main branches and if there is any wild branches put themback on to the fence or wherever you are growing them. But in a situation like ours we arejust hacking and hacking them and make sure to wear gloves and long sleeves because theyare pretty wicked.