Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied
up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be
pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the
growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,
to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
Gardening Plant Care Passion Vine Plant Care
Hi I'm Stan DeFreitas, quot;Mr. Green Thumbquot;.If you are looking for an outstanding plant as a plant that you can use on a fence oron top of some type of a trellis you've got to think of the passion vine. Passion vinescome in a number of different colors, some come in red, some come in a red orange orthis one, and ités an outstanding kind of a bluish purple color. It's one that you saywhere the passion fruit comes from. We've all had passion juice; well it comes fromthe passion fruit which comes after the flower. Of course if you want to have this one, justthink if you had a whole fence row of these planted you would have something that peoplewould be stopping at your door, saying gosh
that's a beautiful plant. They're relativelyeasy to grow. Make sure they get full sun, improve the soil. Make sure that you waterfaithfully to get them started and you'll have to water them during the dry times becausethe foliage actually starts to wilt if it gets too, too dry. But it's a beautiful plant.If you've got an area where somewhat on the hot and dry side, well make sure you do giveit enough water. It will do well, it doesn't take cold very well. So if you've got it ina very cold location put it into a green house or put it into an area where you can protectit. Maybe leave it in the container. From gardening I'm Stan DeFreitas, quot;Mr. Green Thumbquot;.
QA My neighbors wisteria is in my yard
â™ªâ™ªâ™ª Laura writes: Dear Chris, I dobelieve the neighbor's wisteria means to creep itsway in to my home, take all my possessionsand strangle me as I sleep. No matter how many times I pullthe vines that root in my own yard, those that originate onthe other side of the fence continue toslither in to my bushes. I swear that plantgrows a foot a day.
Short of sneaking around afterdark with a bottle of RoundUp, is there any way to discouragethis wisteria vine from crossing the property lineé Signed, Sleeping with One Eye Open. How about thaté Alright, Miss Laura. How about thaté We don't want this tostrangle you to death.
Mister D, can wehelp Miss Laura outé You know, the onlything, Miss Laura, I don't think youhave to worry about. I don't think it willtake your possessions. Everything else I thinkyou need to worry about. Everything else thatyou're worried about, you need to worry about. You know, I guess this is a Chinese or Japanese wisteria.
(Chris) Very invasive. (Mike) Very, very invasive. It's a beautiful plant. Has a beautiful bloom. But it is very, very invasive. And, you know, I've looked. There are thingsthat will kill it. And if the wholeplant was on your yard,
we can probably. I can probably go ahead and give you some ideas of what will kill it. But if it's popping up inyour yard in my opinion, it's on your property. At the least, you can prune it. You know, cut it back. But I mean, you'll workyourself to death doing that.
You'd almost have to dothat daily or at least. Definitely weekly startingin the spring to the fall. And it's going tobe a, you know, forever. I mean, you've got to do itforever as long as that plant is across the road. I wonder. One thing I wonder about. I'm not seeing this.