Valiant Grape Vines Care

Growing Grapes

Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.

Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.

For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,

with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.

To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags

its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.

Tree Plant Care What Time of Year to Plant Grapes

Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen, and in this segment,we're going to answer the question, when is the best time to plant grapesé When is thebest time to plant my grape plantsé Well grape plants are really easy to grow. They're justa vine. They're kind of a bush that grows into a little bit of a vine where you cantrain the branches. And they're easy to grow in the fact that they need full sun. And gooddrainage and lots of water. And the best time to transplant them is in the winter or earlyspring. Because you don't want to transplant them once they've started to grow and they'vestarted to bloom or they have new leaves or when they have fruit on them, because thenyou'll lose the fruit for that year. So you

want to transplant them in the fall when allthe foliage is died back and all the grapes have been taken off of them, and there's nothingbut stem left. And when you transplant them, be very careful not to cut them back too farto the ground, because sometimes if you cut it all down it won't come back. But then again,it is a root. So even if you do cut it all the way down, most of the time, it will comeback. But if possible, leave it a few feet tall so that you've got some main branchescoming up that you can trim them back so you're really only trimming down the branches wherethey're coming in where they're still on the small side. Once they become woody, if youcut it down to that point, it might just die.

So you want to make sure that the next yearthere's going to be some new growth. So basically, cut it back down to the point where there'sstill some foliage or there was some leaves this year. And just trim it down, cut it awayfrom its supports, dig it up, and leave it at least one foot around or more. Becauseyou're trying not to disturb the roots too much. Because it's better to leave the dirton the roots and to leave them solid and then turn around and transplant them in a new spotright away. Because if you do cut back the roots too much, sometimes you disturb themtoo and then you have to wait even longer for them to produce fruit again.

How to Prune Grapes Summer

Hi, I'm Tricia, a California organic gardener and today we're going to talk about summer maintenance for your table grapes we've had an extremely wet season thisyear and my table grapes have gone bonkers I'm growing four different types of tablegrapes here and there's a lot of vegetative growth making for a very densecanopy over the grape vines earlier in the spring, the shoots were thinned when they were about six to twelve inches long you should have about six to eightshoots per foot of canopy at the same time as thinning the shoots, I also cut the suckers off at the trunk

and i'm going to continue to trim these suckers throughout the season, as necessary you see there's not enough sunlight getting into this little fruit clusters the sunlight is what helps improve theflavor and the quality of the fruit by having so much foliage around thecluster, I'm also at risk for disease the first step is to take these long shoots and tuck them into the trellising and keep them out of the fruiting zone that helped a lot but you can see there'sstill a lot of hanging vines I'm going to trim back this shoot that has no clusters on it

if you're going to trim back a shoot that has clusters, be sure and leave about 1517 fullsized leaves before you make your cut cut as little as possible and try to cut atthe point where the leaves are half the size of the mature leaves these smaller leaves haven't startedproducing food yet so the vine won't miss them as much asit would miss these larger food producing leaves the grape vines are looking a lot better the cutting is going to stimulate the growth so you don't want to do this too late in the season if the fruit is just beginning to ripen,it's too late to cut

now that I've tamed the vines, it's time to thin the fruit cluster thin when the fruit has just setand before it gets too big for goodsized table grapes leave onecluster per shoot in order to improve the size of thegrapes, snip off the very bottom of the cluster I'm happy to have completed my summermaintenence on my table grape vines now I look forward to grape jam, grape jelly,grape juice, and those frozen grape treats so enjoy your grape vines and Grow Organic for Life!.

Leave a Reply