Red Fruit That Grows On A Vine

Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year

growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth

bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right

near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus

the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds

from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.

Gardening Plant Care Passion Vine Plant Care

Hi I'm Stan DeFreitas, quot;Mr. Green Thumbquot;.If you are looking for an outstanding plant as a plant that you can use on a fence oron top of some type of a trellis you've got to think of the passion vine. Passion vinescome in a number of different colors, some come in red, some come in a red orange orthis one, and it├ęs an outstanding kind of a bluish purple color. It's one that you saywhere the passion fruit comes from. We've all had passion juice; well it comes fromthe passion fruit which comes after the flower. Of course if you want to have this one, justthink if you had a whole fence row of these planted you would have something that peoplewould be stopping at your door, saying gosh

that's a beautiful plant. They're relativelyeasy to grow. Make sure they get full sun, improve the soil. Make sure that you waterfaithfully to get them started and you'll have to water them during the dry times becausethe foliage actually starts to wilt if it gets too, too dry. But it's a beautiful plant.If you've got an area where somewhat on the hot and dry side, well make sure you do giveit enough water. It will do well, it doesn't take cold very well. So if you've got it ina very cold location put it into a green house or put it into an area where you can protectit. Maybe leave it in the container. From gardening I'm Stan DeFreitas, quot;Mr. Green Thumbquot;.

How to Grow Black Pepper Piper nigrum

Hi, my name is Byron Martin and I'm from Logee's Greenhouses and todaywe're going to be talking about the black pepper, or the pepper ofCommerce or the culinary pepper. And the botanical name of the pepper is Piper nigrum and it is a endemic speciesand native to South India in the lowlands or humid and hottropics. And this is a potted plant that we haveshowing you the fruit green fruit here then this isthe ripening fruit. This is cutting

taken from our mother plant but thisactually shows you the initiation of the flowers so they comeout as a small stem like this flowers form along the buds and then asthe fruit matures it changes to these round green corns and eventually as youcan see here it turns red. And it is at this point that thepeppercorn can be picked and dried for use. The pepper or piper nigrum makes a great container plant for

moderate light areas, east to westwindows. Where they can be grown on the windowsill and preferring temperatures above 60degrees. So, one of the issues that growers or gardeners find with the pepperis that they have on the backsides of their leaves these small little beads that form and we can see here, up on these leaves there's these black spots. This is a question that we getcontinuously

thinking that it's an insect and actuallyit's not it's part of the plant there's an exudate of sugar, a littlebead of sugar that forms on the backsides of the leaves and over time turns black. The sooty moldsor opportunistic molds attack and feed on it. It creates no harmto the plant at all. Another thing about the pepper is that isyearround fruiting so we do have flowers and fruit comingand so there's an endless supply of peppercorns that one can harvest off ofthem. Generally, in the Northeast

we have cooler temperatures and shorterdays so things do slow down a bit but we can pretty much count on thepepper being in fruit and in flower yearroundfor us. And they are a vine they don't climb and tangle over thingsbut they do climb up things and their culture can be either allowed to grow in a basket where they may hang down but then you have to deal with the vine tangling up or they can be staked, and an example of that is a stake here which is kind of pulling the plant together. As in allplants

their is a need for fertilization andpeppers are what we could consider a low to moderate feeder. We generally would recommend fertilization of a balancedfertilizer. That would be a soluble salt that you mixwith water or a granular organic which is top dressed, just sprinkled on the top of the soil. Once a month maybe in a dilute form every two weeks during the growing season. They can havetoo much so

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