Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
How to Prune Your Cucumbers to Grow them Vertically up a Trellis
This is John Kohler with growingyourgreens have another exciting episode for you. Today we're going to do something totally differentand something that you've probably never heard of actually. What I am doing today and whatwe're doing in the garden is actually that I'm pruning my cucumbers. That's right, justlike you can prune or single stem tomatoes, you can also prune or single stem cucumbers.And I'm doing this for one very important reason. Because I am growing in close quarters,and growing like probably five different crops in this raised bed, which is a four foot raisedbed. I'm growing, you know parsley, celery, and then the cucumbers are supposed to growvertically up the trellis. If I don't train
them properly, and you know cut off some ofthe suckers, they actually tend to cover the parsley and then these celery plants. So whatwe want to do is we want them to grow upright, and once they get pretty far up on a singlestem, then I'll let them bush out and produce even more.So what we're going to do first is we're not going to single stem the cucumbers first.What we're going to do is, show you an example on a tomato because it is a lot easier tounderstand on a tomato then we're going to come over and show you an example on the cucumber.So let's head over to the tomatoes and uh check it out.Now, we're over at my tomato bed where I'm
growing a whole bunch of different tomatoesand this is an easier way to determine what a sucker is. And a sucker is very simple,and what you want to look or think about when pruning suckers cause it's kinda a hard conceptto get if you're not thinking about it, I'll have to try to explain it in layman's terms.Basically what you can think of is your tomato plant or your cucumber plant like a tree.All the trees like the fig tree behind me has a nice large trunk and it goes up thetrunk and out of the trunk there's like branches with leaves, so just like a tomato plant.Right here, we've got the main trunk or the main stem of the tomato. And as it goes up,it's going to have branches with leaves, and
that's what these are. They're branches withthe leaves only. And between the trunk and each leaf that comes out, what's called, it'scalled an armpit. So this is an armpit here because we've got the main trunk and a leafand in the armpit there's a little sucker. So this one's pretty small and so we're goingto go up the main stem and this one is the main stem right here and then you can seethis one goes up here and continues. And right here there is a leaf and you can see rightin the armpit here there is a little sucker here and so we're going to just go ahead andpinch that guy off. So this is a little sucker and it's like if we were the tomato plants,remember my whole body is like the stem, my
arm is like where the leaves are going tocome out, and right in my armpit is going to be the sucker. And now we'll pull thesesuckers and you can actually put these suckers actually keep them wet in dirt and these guyswill actually root and make new plants if you want to use them that way. Or you canjust compost these as well. So that's how you do it on a tomato plant. So now that yousee the easy illustration, we're going to the cucumber plant which actually has a fewmore things to deal with. And we'll explain that when we get there. So, now we're back at the cucumbers and we'regoing to be pruning these out and we're going
to show you guys how to chop out the suckerson them but before we do that, there are a few tool, or a few things you will need. Numberone, I always like to have a five gallon bucket to put all my cuttings or the prunings thatI'm putting in. Then, I'll take this to my compost pile. Aside from that, the other thingwe'll need is, we'll need a thing of clips because after all the reason we are pruningthese guys is because to train them up the trellis. This is a six foot tall trellis.And we'll need to clip them up so instead of using string that can be kind of a painand that can't easily be reused, I like these little clips that are designed for plantsand that I have another episode on this if
Growing Lemon Cucumber Excellent Producer
this small and round lemon cucumber justlooks like lemon but tastes just like a mild cucumber so the lemon cucumbers is one varietyI was really fascinated It actually looks like lemon and that's about itthere's no other resemblance to lemon at all for this cucumber and this is one cucumber variety that grows very well in slightly colder weather and althoughJuly August and September are relatively warm months here in Southern California in your zoneit might be just a little cooler or
might be just trying to get a little coolerafter the end of summer so this cucumber variety is a great variety to growduring these months now pruning your cucumber plant is anice way to keep the plant clean and free from some diseases as far as youcan so what I recommend is that you remove all diseased leaves from around the plantespecially towards the bottom of the plant and that will ensure that yourcucumber plants stays pretty much disease free to a large extent rememberthat the diseases that a cucumber plant can get really varies on the type ofcucumber you're growing
and within about 45 days of planting youcan see that the cucumber fruit has emerged and this is a pretty young fruitwe'll wait for it to ripen now one of the problems I noticed while growing this cucumber variety was that it is very very prone to fungal diseases asyou can see here this plant has a lot of fungal diseases like Rust andpowdery mildew and yes you can use fungicides like neem oil or you can usemilk to counter powdery mildew you can use a sulfur spray you can use a copper sprayI actually don't like to use any fungicide on my plans unless there is areally big problem so let's go ahead and
harvest some of our cucumbers and as youcan see this is a pretty spiny cucumber but don't worry once you harvest thiscucumber and you remove it from the plant you can easily remove the spines andwash the cucumber and it's nice and shiny now although I mentioned that this plantis susceptible to a lot of diseases as you can see from the leaves of thisplant it doesn't really affect the fruit production this is a very prolificproducer. It produces lot of cucumbers and I was able to harvest cucumbers right throughoutthe growing season I harvested a lot of
cucumbers from this plant so definitely avery productive cucumber especially considering the small area that weare growing the cucumber plant in and the diseases didn't really seem to matter andI'm growing these cucumbers in a small container and I've used a small trellisfor it to climb from about five or six feet high however if you use a better trellis you'regonna get a lot more cucumbers from this plant so as usual we will be doing thecut open test so lets slice this cucumber open as you can see few seeds andremember this is a ripe cucumber now if you
like to eat your cucumbers raw then Iwould recommend that you harvest it a little earlier you will get seeds thatare less small and the cucumber is more pleasant to eat So as you can see here these cucumbers are nicely washed and kept and you can harvest a lotof cucumbers from this plant now let's look at harvesting somecucumbers that are not ripe these cucumbers are green in color and if youlike to eat your cucumber raw I would