Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
How to Prune Grapes Summer
Hi, I'm Tricia, a California organic gardener and today we're going to talk about summer maintenance for your table grapes we've had an extremely wet season thisyear and my table grapes have gone bonkers I'm growing four different types of tablegrapes here and there's a lot of vegetative growth making for a very densecanopy over the grape vines earlier in the spring, the shoots were thinned when they were about six to twelve inches long you should have about six to eightshoots per foot of canopy at the same time as thinning the shoots, I also cut the suckers off at the trunk
and i'm going to continue to trim these suckers throughout the season, as necessary you see there's not enough sunlight getting into this little fruit clusters the sunlight is what helps improve theflavor and the quality of the fruit by having so much foliage around thecluster, I'm also at risk for disease the first step is to take these long shoots and tuck them into the trellising and keep them out of the fruiting zone that helped a lot but you can see there'sstill a lot of hanging vines I'm going to trim back this shoot that has no clusters on it
if you're going to trim back a shoot that has clusters, be sure and leave about 1517 fullsized leaves before you make your cut cut as little as possible and try to cut atthe point where the leaves are half the size of the mature leaves these smaller leaves haven't startedproducing food yet so the vine won't miss them as much asit would miss these larger food producing leaves the grape vines are looking a lot better the cutting is going to stimulate the growth so you don't want to do this too late in the season if the fruit is just beginning to ripen,it's too late to cut
now that I've tamed the vines, it's time to thin the fruit cluster thin when the fruit has just setand before it gets too big for goodsized table grapes leave onecluster per shoot in order to improve the size of thegrapes, snip off the very bottom of the cluster I'm happy to have completed my summermaintenence on my table grape vines now I look forward to grape jam, grape jelly,grape juice, and those frozen grape treats so enjoy your grape vines and Grow Organic for Life!.
Should I Prune My Tomato Plants MOTHER EARTH NEWS
Hi, this is Laura with Mother Earth News wereceived another reader question about whether or not you should prunesuckers from your tomato plants so we turn to tomato expert Craig and he gave us a few pointers tomato suckers are a stem that grows from the axis of the main tomato stem and the leaf stemof the tomato plant each tomato sucker has thepotential to grow its own tomato fruits most to the bloomson a tomato plant will grow out of the
main stem but suckers just provide one moreopportunity for the tomato plant to produce more fruit some people believe that pruningtomato suckers off of their plants can improve their plants yield butCraig says that he's never experienced this and in my own gardening experience I haven'teither suckers are just your tomato plants way of ensuring its genetic future when you have moresuckers
you have more tomato blossoms when youhave more blossoms you'll inevitably have more tomato fruitwhen you have more fruit you have more seeds and therefore the plant ensurers its future leavingsuckers on your tomato plant can help you in two ways it can preventSun scald by providing more leaf cover for fruitit can also help the plant bounceback from blossomdrop class in job is when you have prolongedperiods extremely hot
or humid weather and when those blossoms on your tomato plant hit thathigh high temperature though often drop off en masse overnight and so if you have suckers that haven't been pruned off if you haveseconds left those suckers will be able to survive through those hottemperatures and produce more flowers after the temperatures come back down ata later date ideal management of suckers depends on the variety of tomato thatyou have. So if you have a determent variety
or indeterminate variety is the first step in deciding whether or not you want to actually prune suckers. Adeterminant tomato has a genetically predetermined height and width for its growth that means that the plant will only produce acertain number of flowers in its lifetime only a certain number of potentialfruits in its lifetime if you cut off any of the suckers allyou're doing is decreasing yields
an indeterminate tomato can growindefinitely which means by the middle of the seasonit can be overgrown or difficult to handle in astorm it could blow over because the plant is just so large so pruning suckers can take some of theweight off of your plant the more tomato growing in sight check outcraigs new book epic tomatoes from storey publishing andfor any other gardening questions you might have