Planting Sleeves For Grape Vines

Growing Grapes

Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.

Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.

For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,

with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.

To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags

its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.

Awardwinning vineyard rushes to harvest grapes in Cameron Park

ROB: THE DROUGHT IS A BIG CONCERN FOR EVERY CALIFORNIAN. BUT FOR FARMERS, EVERY YEAR IS A YEAR OF CONCERN. FORTUNATELY, THE NAPA VINEYARDS HARVESTED THEIR GRAPES WEEKS AGO BEFORE THE OUTBREAK OF THE VALLEY FIRE.

BUT SOME VINTNERS ACTUALLY TRIED TO DELAY PICKING THEIR VINES TO GET A BIGGER, BETTER GRAPES. KELLIE: KCRA 3'S MIKE CARROLL WAS AT ONE LOCAL AWARDWINNING VINEYARD IN A RUSH TO GET THE LAST OF THEIR GRAPES OFF OF THE VINES TODAY.

MIKE: 6:30 A.M., THE GRAPEPICKING CREW IS ALREADY WORKING IN HIGH GEAR. VERY INTERESTING YEAR. MIKE: NELLO OLIVO GROWS A SPECIALTY VINEYARD ON EIGHT ACRES OF LAND FROM WHICH HE PRODUCES 10 DIFFERENT VARIETALS

OF WINE. SO NOW, WE'RE INTO ALMOST THREE WEEKS PAST WHERE WE WOULD NORMALLY PICK. MIKE: NELLO HAD HARVESTED FIVE OF HIS ACRES A FEW WEEKS AGO, BUT HE WAS HOLDING OUT ON THESE LAST THREE ACRES BECAUSE HE

WANTED TO LET THE GRAPES HANG LONGER. JUST INTENSE FLAVORS WHEN YOU LET THEM HANG FOR AS LONG AS WE'RE DOING. MIKE: THESE ROWS ARE SAGRANTINO GRAPES. IT IS A TREASURED VARIETY GROWN

IN THE UMBRIA REGION OF ITALY. NELLO OLIVO IS ONE OF ONLY FOUR VINEYARDS IN THE ENTIRE UNITED STATES THAT GROWS SANGRANTINO. OK, WE'RE GOOD. MIKE: THE DROUGHT HAS BEEN A CONCERN, BUT NELLO HAS CAREFULLY IRRIGATED FROM WELL WATER.

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