Prairie Yard Garden Growing Grapes
(gentle music) Prairie Yard Garden is a production of the University of Minnesota Morris in cooperation with Pioneer Public Television. Closed captioning is provided by Mark and Margaret YackelJuleen in honor of Shalom Hill Farm, a nonprofit rural education retreat center in a beautiful
prairie setting near Windom in southwestern Minnesota. Shalom Hill Farm, shalomhill Did you hear that a new crop is appearing on the prairieé Growing grapes has created an interest among a few individuals who like the challenge of adapting it to our region. Join me on Prairie Yard Garden as we visit a vineyard to learn about the process and challenges
of growing grapes on the prairie. (soft lighthearted music) A new crop has appeared on the prairie: growing grapes And today I have Florian Ledermann with me who's been involved with the process for the last four to five years. Florian welcome to the show and tell me, how did you get interested in growing grapesé ^We got interested actually at the
University of Morris's Horticultural Night. We sat down in a tent and learned that the university just released four new varieties of grapes that are actually coldhardy. And before that, I always kind of figured grapes were the crop that just kind of came up and never really bore and died every winter and died back. So that's what spiked our interest.
And so that very nextspring, we bought five. And they survived and I did a little more research and decided to go with an acre. And a year later, another acre so we ended up with 1,350 vines as a result of that little adventure in Morris. Larry That's interesting. 1,300 vines, how long does it take you
to put all those in the groundé Florian We used family labor. (Florian laughs) So we had, it took us, I think probably when we were planting, it took us about threedays to put one acre in. That would be for the planting. The posts and the trellis system and everything
How to Grow Potatoes
Hi, I'm Tricia, a California organic gardener. There are some major benefits toplanting potatoes in your backyard. You can plant varieties that are hard to find,or are very expensive, and you can harvest virtually all year long if you live in a climate like I do. The best way to plant potatoes is to start with certified seed potatoes. It's not a good idea to use the potatoesyou find in the grocery store, because they're not certified diseasefree and sometimes they're treated to prevent sprouting. Notice these eyes, this is where the potato sprouts from.
First of all, we need to cut up thepotatoes. Cut them into chunks with one to two eyes per chunk. Small potatoes, like this little fingerling,can be planted whole. So lay the potatoes out in a well ventilated area just for a couple of days, so that they callus over. The potatoes should go from this look tothis calloused over look, and this will help prevent rot. Plant potatoes early in the season,about 4 weeks before the last frost.
The soil also needs to be at least 40 degrees, and potatoes can be fall planted after the first frost if they're protected from frost by a thick mulch. In addition to weed free soil, potatoeslike sandy loamy soil with a low pH. There are many different ways to growpotatoes, the only requirement is some way ofburying them as they grow because as the tubers form theyneed protection from the light. These Smart Pots will help you achieve that,as well as help you maintain the pH and make it a snap to harvest because all you have to do is pour the potatoes out when they're ready!
You need about three gallons of soil foreach potato that you plant, so in this 15 gallon Smart Pot I canplant five potatoes. In a thirty gallon smart pot I could plant 10 tomatoes. Your soil mix should fill a third of the pot and should be a half and half mixture of compost and potting soil. Make sure and use green waste compost,because animal manure can cause scab. Adding a little bit of fertilizer likethis Acid Mix will help lower the pH. So we're going to plant the potatoes about one to two inches deep. Plant the pieces of potato with the eyesfacing up,
and as the potatoes grow I'm gonna addmore of the compost mixture and be careful not to cover the top six inches of leaves. If you want to plant your potatoes in yourgarden bed, instead of in the pots, amend the soil with an acidicfertilizer and plenty of compost. Since I'm doing a late fall planting,I will dig out about an 8 inch deep trench. Plant potatoes about 8 to 9 inches apart, with rows about 3 feet apart. Remember to plant with the eyes up, cover the potatoes with about 4 inches of soil, and then we're gonna mulch heavily.
Mulching will help protect from the frost. In the spring when the plants get to be about 4 to 6 inches tall, you can start to hill them up. Hilling is important,no matter how you plant your potatoes. Tubers exposed to sunlight turn green and form the toxic substance called solanine. Never eat green potatoes! You can harvestthe potatoes anytime after they flower, but only harvest what youcan eat because they won't keep. For winter storage potatoes, allow the vines to be killed by frost or scythe them down and leave the bed unwatered for two weeks.
Growing Tomatoes In Containers Best Tips Advice
So its tomato growing time of the yearAnd in today's tutorial we will see how to grow great tomatoes in containers So if you've been growing tomatoes in containers, you know there can be a lot of issues to dealwith In today's tutorial we will see how to deal withsome of these issues And we will see two varieties of tomatoestoday The first one is the Heinz Super Roma Tomato And the other variety we will be seeing is
The Ace 55 Hybrid Tomato A nice determinate variety of tomato And that brings us to our first tip Grow determinate varieties in containers When growing in containers you're restrictedwith size So make sure you choose determinate varieties which don't grow like crazyAnd still produce a lot of tomatoes And do well with minimal staking
When choosing the soil to use for your tomato plants Use a Potting Mix and not Potting Soil Potting Mixes are usually more expensive butthey are well worth the money Because they contain good ingredients thatyour tomato plants will love So do not use potting soil, using pottingmixes Even determinate plants need staking So make sure you stake your tomato plants very well You can use tomato cages, rebars, garden
stakes, twinesJust make sure they are staked One of the most common complaints of growing tomatoes in containers Is that they get Blossom End Rot or BER And I'm going to tell you how to fix this very easily The reason why tomatoes get BER is because of lack of Calcium and irregular watering So make sure you enrich the soil with Gypsum which is Garden Lime
And add a little bit of peat moss to neutralize the Lime Gypsum or Garden Lime contains Calcium And also make sure you keep your tomato plantwell watered using a drip irrigation system When using fertilizers remember that whenyour plants are young You need more leaves and foliage So make sure you use a high Nitrogen or a balanced fertilizer so that you get good growthand a good start for your tomato plants As the plant grows and starts producing flowers
You need to stop giving high Nitrogen fertilizers to your tomato plants And start using a lowNitrogen, High phosphorus, potassium fertilizer And also make sure you keep adding Calcium usingGarden Lime or Tomato fertilizers that contain Calcium You do not want to use a high Nitrogen fertilizer when the plant is floweringThis is a common mistake To make sure you get the maximum yield fromyour tomato plants, you need to make sure that each and every flower gets convertedinto tomato Well if not all at least most of themAnd as you can see we have a lot of tomatoes