Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied
up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be
pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the
growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,
to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
Pepper Plant Profile Cayenne Pepper
theme music In the plant profile series of tutorials,today we will look at growing Cayenne Pepper Cayenne is a hot chili pepper used toflavor dishes I find cayenne pepper to be hot butnot too hot at the same time It tastes great when it's fresh as wellas when it's dried and powdered So here is our pepper plant
This pepper plant is fromBonnie Plants This is available at mosthome improvement stores, garden stores The kind of soil that peppers need ismoist soil that's evenly watered most of the time A lot of nutrients which you can getby adding compost And you also need hot weather Peppers need warm of hot climates to thrive So summers is a good timeto plant peppers
So this is our cayenne pepper plantit's growing pretty well The peppers are becoming larger every day And although this paper looks large You should wait for some time to harvest it Because the cayenne peppers do grow very big And you can see that in the upcoming sectionsof the tutorials That the cayenne pepper does become big and does produce a lot The cayenne pepper is in fact one of themost prolific paper plants to grow
So as you can see this is our firstharvest from this pepper plant The supports that we will be using tosupport our pepper plants Is the Ultomato Cage The Ultomato cage is A great way to support to support your pepper plants As well as tomato plants And I had done a tutorial review forthis Ultomato tomato cage You can see that tutorial to reviewby clicking on the link on your screen
And if you want to know more about whatkind of fertilizers to use for the pepper plants and what kind of wateringthe pepper plants need Do check out the tutorial on your screenfor a lot of other details So as you can see the cayenne pepperplant is producing a lot of peppers big sized peppers And for a plant of this size This is a lot of of peppers
That the pepper plant is producing And what I really like about the cayenne pepper plant is It just keeps growing very wellthroughout the growing season Almost no insects attack this pepper plant And the heat of the cayenne pepper is just about perfect for A variety of dishes that you can make As you can see this pepper is really large Its overflowing the palm of my hand