Planting Globe Grapes

Growing Grapes

Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.

Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.

For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,

with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.

To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags

its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.

How to Prune Grapes Summer

Hi, I'm Tricia, a California organic gardener and today we're going to talk about summer maintenance for your table grapes we've had an extremely wet season thisyear and my table grapes have gone bonkers I'm growing four different types of tablegrapes here and there's a lot of vegetative growth making for a very densecanopy over the grape vines earlier in the spring, the shoots were thinned when they were about six to twelve inches long you should have about six to eightshoots per foot of canopy at the same time as thinning the shoots, I also cut the suckers off at the trunk

and i'm going to continue to trim these suckers throughout the season, as necessary you see there's not enough sunlight getting into this little fruit clusters the sunlight is what helps improve theflavor and the quality of the fruit by having so much foliage around thecluster, I'm also at risk for disease the first step is to take these long shoots and tuck them into the trellising and keep them out of the fruiting zone that helped a lot but you can see there'sstill a lot of hanging vines I'm going to trim back this shoot that has no clusters on it

if you're going to trim back a shoot that has clusters, be sure and leave about 1517 fullsized leaves before you make your cut cut as little as possible and try to cut atthe point where the leaves are half the size of the mature leaves these smaller leaves haven't startedproducing food yet so the vine won't miss them as much asit would miss these larger food producing leaves the grape vines are looking a lot better the cutting is going to stimulate the growth so you don't want to do this too late in the season if the fruit is just beginning to ripen,it's too late to cut

now that I've tamed the vines, it's time to thin the fruit cluster thin when the fruit has just setand before it gets too big for goodsized table grapes leave onecluster per shoot in order to improve the size of thegrapes, snip off the very bottom of the cluster I'm happy to have completed my summermaintenence on my table grape vines now I look forward to grape jam, grape jelly,grape juice, and those frozen grape treats so enjoy your grape vines and Grow Organic for Life!.

Late Summer Annuals

Annual flowers are some of the most popularvarieties and late summers are great time to add color to your garden. Impatiens aregenerally thought of a shade lovers, but a new variety called Sunpatiens thrive in thefull sun. Impatiens come in about 6 colors, get 2 to 3 feet tall and form a lovely massof bright flowers in full sun. Celosia comes in two basic types; plumed and crested. Thisa brand new Celosia variety that has red leaves and some of the common green. It needs fullsun and can take very hot temperatures. The flowers can be cut and dried beautifully forwinter arrangements. Petunia should be the star of every flower border. This is a brandnew variety called Burgundy Star Wave Petunia.

It's a member of the wave family. Gets itsname from the bright white star against the dark burgundy red background of the flower.Here are two Annuals that look terrific together in full sun, Pink Verbena and Gomphrena. Verbenais a creeping plant, great for hanging baskets containers. This dwarf Gomphrena, also calledGlobe Amaranth has cleverlike heads that we cut and dry anytime of the year for driedflower bouquets. Here's a great combination for containers; Geranium and Calibrachoa,often called million bells. Calibrachoa is closely related to Pertunias, but it has moreblooms and slightly smaller ones. Most people think Colias grow only in the shade but thereare many varieties that you just as well in

full sun. Here we have two different typesof Colias growing together. In the fall, take cuttings and use them indoors as houseplants.Shadeloving Double Impatiens look like small Carnations. They grow great in pots or inthe shady border. They also come in a wide variety of colors and even bicolors. Manynew Begionia varieties do well in full sun as well as shade. This is a variety calledBig, which produces very large flowers and has red or green foliage. It is ideal in containersand shady borders. It's a very personal plant and has a cinch to care for. In shady spotsyou can't beat Terranium. Commonly called wishbone flower, this sort of plant bloomsin dark shade. This variety is one of our

favorites. It's called Gilded Grape. Don't'let summer heat pull all the color out of your garden. Add some fresh color now withbeautiful late season annuals.

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