Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
Grape Insect Prevention
.other urban grape planting, and the types of things that youshould be doing right now on your grapes is, again, Disease Control. These plantslook pretty clean right now. You can tell there's some spray residualright here. They've been spraying them, otherwise they would have powdery mildew,downy mildew, black rot, and a number of other problems. The cluster grapes are quite healthy, and
the one thing that I would watch out forat this point in the year is as we mentioned early July is Japanese beetles willbe showing up any day now, and what Japanese beetles do is they feedon the leaves, and they will also destroy the berries,and they give you this type of appearance where they eat holes in the leaves. One of thethings that I tell people is that if your gonna control Japanesebeetles you actually wanna put materials on to protect against them
before they get there. Once they startdoing damage other Japanese beetles are attracted andthey will be more damage than they normally would. There are a number of different products thatare out there that can be used, but one organic product that you mightconsider using even before that there is called quot;neemquot;. NEEM. And that one is nice because it notonly kills the Japanese beetles, but it has a repellent quality to it. Itcan repel the Japanese beetles
from 24 to 48 hours. Okay.