Four Arm Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, vegetableand small fruit specialist with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension. Today we'regoing to be talking about a simple system for pruning hardy grapes here in Maine. The pruning system I like to use is very simple.It keeps the plant open, so it gets light in the summer time, but it also protects theplant a little bit in the winter. This system works best with concord type or labrusca typegrapes, which are the grapes that tend to grow best in Maine. There's really a couple of systems that willwork well for labrusca type grapes. The first
one I want to talk about is the four arm kniffin,and that's what we're going to prune first. The four arm kniffin consists of a perennialtrunk, which goes from the ground right up to a top wire, which is set at about fivefeet. Coming off of this trunk, we will have four arms, or canes, oneyear old growth.Two on the top wire, running each side of the top wire, and two on a lower wire. Thislower wire should be set at about two and a half feet off the ground. Every year, we're going to come in and pruneit so we continue to have a perennial trunk, but only four one yearold trunks to producethe fruit.
Here is our permanent trunk. You can see here,this is a cane from last year. Two yearold cane, this was our fruiting cane last summer,and you can see the difference. Here's this year's cane, that nice chocolate brown colorand smooth bark, and here we go with the older cane, the two yearold cane. The bark is startingto peel, and has more of a gray look to it, so we know that this particular shoot isn'tgoing to fruit again. It's the one yearold shoots that come off it that will fruit. This is going to get pruned out, so that wecan keep our fruiting wood closer to the trunk. We'll just take that back to a good fruitingshoot, and we'll start to cut it out. This
is where it gets fun. We need to wrestle thisout of the trellis, and of course, all these little tendrils have tied it up and aroundmost of the growth that's there. It takes a little bit of cutting, but be careful notto break the fruiting canes that you want to leave behind. Pull it off, and that will open the plantingup so we can see what we have left for good fruiting wood for this year. We've taken offthe four fruiting canes that we left last year, and you can see pretty much all that'sleft, at this point, is the green shoots from last year, that will provide us with goodfruit for this year.
Now we need to choose which four we want toput up. We're going to have four canes. One, two, three, four. Two for the lower wire,two for the upper wire, each heading off in different directions. What I want to look for in this case is canethat's got this nice chocolate brown color, and is about 38 of an inch in diameter. Aboutthe width of your little finger. If it's thinner than that, if it's very weak, it won't producegood fruit. Thin stuff like this, less than 38 of an inch in diameter, we'll just cutthat right out. Here we've got one that's going to go in thisdirection, that looks very nice. I'm going
to count, remember we want about 10 buds onit, so we'll count our buds. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. ThenI just cut out beyond that, because the weaker stuff at the very end isn't going to producevery good fruit. I have my four arms, but you can see I stillhave some leftover canes. What I'm going to use these for are what we call quot;renewal spurs.quot;I'm going to cut these back so that they just have one or two buds on them. What I'm goingto use these buds for, the green shoots that will emerge from these buds and grow out,will be the canes that I'll be putting on the wire next year for fruiting. We call thesequot;renewal spurs.quot;
Beautiful Christmas Trees at Vals Home Decor Tampa 81636717
Notice something different about the frontof our store latelyé We've turned into a winter wonderland! We have 9 display trees this year! Our firsttree is a spin on the traditional green and red tree. We've added some glitz and glamto make it a little more fun! Our second tree is a very stylish tree, thebrown and leopard tree. This tree has neutral shades of brown, with a pop of leopard print.We have purse, shoe and hat ornaments and leopard print poinsettias all over. Looking to stay in the blue tone, but wantsomething a little differenté We have a peacock
tree this year! Large peacocks and oval featherornaments compliment this tree. Also, check out all those feathers for the topper! Our next tree is our traditional tree. Loadedwith berries and grapevine. This tree is always a customer favorite! This tree has the latest home décortrends added to it, owls, birds and burlap! Who says it can't snow in Floridaé We've gotjust the tree for you if you're missing the winter weather. This tree is filled with snowybirch branches with dangling elegant crystals. Looking to do something different and funthis yearé Check out our fantasy tree! Filled
with bright, hot colors such as green, teal,purple and pink! Our candy cane tree is filled with sweets!We have candy ornaments, and santas covering this red and white tree. It looks like candyland! The elegance trees. The silver and gold trees.These trees are pure glamor. Filled with everything silver or gold, these trees are sure to makea statement in your home!.
Cute Christmas Tree Charms DIY Wine Charms or Earrings
Hey there and Happy Holidays! This is Jessica from JewelryTutorialHQ and in this tutorial I'm going to show you how to make these Christmas tree wine charms. You can also make these as earrings if youwant to make a matching set. So this little finding here is something thatyou can buy ready made. In this tutorial we're not going to cover how to make this part I'mgoing to save that for another tutorial. You'll find a complete supply list in theblog post that goes along with this tutorial and I will link to that for you in the tutorial'sdescription if you're watching this on YouTube.
You'll need to use a 22 gauge wire that'shalf hard. I like this German Style Wire but you canuse any other half hard wire. PLEASE NOTE: That does NOT include craft wireor artistic wire those aren't going to hold their shape. I'm using my nylon jaw chain nose pliers hereto straighten out the wire and get out any kinks before we get started. And then I'm using the back of my flush cuttersto trim the very end so we start with a nice flat cut, and I'm cutting this piece of wire to be4 inches long.
Using my round nose pliers, close to the verytip so I get a small loop, and make sure the end is not sticking outbefore you start turning, then start rotating the pliers away from you and keep going untilyou've got a 'P' loop, so that end of the wire comes back and touchesthe straight part. Grab your chain nose pliers, grasp that loopfirmly, but not too tight because you don't want to dent the wire, and then start pulling that wire around, openingthe plier jaws as you go in between and repositioning before you make the next push of the wire.
So this is how we're forming a little spiralhere. As you get into a groove, it's going to goa little bit faster for you. Notice that I'm making just the tiniest littlemovements here this is how you're going to get a nice tight spiral. Keep going all the way down towards the endof the wire so that you form a nice big spiral. Keep going until you have just a little bitof wire sticking out at the end there, a little straight piece of wire that's about 5mm long. So you've got something that looks like this.
Then you can grab your round nose pliers,stick one of the jaws of the pliers into the center of the spiral, and start to pull downon the wire. Just tug it gently one little piece at a time,until you pull it into a piece that's like a spiral cone shape, like a little Christmastree. You can adjust the spring to your liking. Next we're going to make our own little headpin,so cut off a length of wire that's about 1.5 inches long. Then using the tip of the round nose pliers,grab the end that you made a flush cut on
and start turning that into a tiny little'P' loop. This is similar to how we made our first loop,it's just a little bit smaller. Now we can thread on some beads. I'm using size 60 glass beads, you couldalso use 4 mm round beads or something like that. I've got 5 of these beads and I'm going tothread them on the headpin. And then we can thread the headpin up throughthe spiral Christmas tree that we made. Make sure it comes through the loop at thetop.