How To Grow Grapes In South Dakota

Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry

Last January, January 6ththe official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures.Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zerowhere it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines.And we've never experienced any damage like this before.And we've never we really didn't know the extentof the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn't see anybuds developing and even some of thetrunks cracked.

But the impact of that was dramaticwe have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, PinotNoir, Cabernet Franc, Rieslingand without any grapes, we were forced to buya lot of grapes. But it's had a huge impactas far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine losswhich is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyardsthat will have to be replaced from the ground up

with new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out.So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars.Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio Stateone of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes.So really that's one of my expertise in this fieldof learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general.After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not onlyassess

the damage but also how to deal with the vinesthat are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just toshow them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes wayback in the 1980'sWe've had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the wineryand in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Damiour research stems lately from the cold winter vortexwhere we've had a lot of the vines killed and damagedfrom the minus twenty degree temperatures.

Current research is kind of involved tothe extent of the damage to determine the actual damage andto have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prunethese injured vines. We have not had temperatures that coldsince 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growershave not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help uskind of figure out what's the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.

How to grow a fig tree from a cutting part 1

Hi, I'd like to show you how to grow orstart growing a fig tree from a dormant fig tree cutting These cuttings are removed from the fig treeduring the normal course of pruning You usually prune a fig tree when it's dormant You can store these cuttings for a coupleof months in the refrigerator You can usually find these cuttings online You can find them on the ebay And if you visit some online garden forums

Or forums where people who like to grow figshang out You can maybe buy or get some free trade cuttings And learn about this process It's an interesting plant to grow And to be able to eat your own figs We're all familiar with the figs you canfind in the grocery store You can find fig newtons and dried figs But when you have your own fresh fig

Off of your own fig tree You will find that these really pale in comparison So the first step is to get the cuttings Then one of the techniques is to wrap thecutting in damp paper towels Or damp newspaper and place it in a baggie You air out the baggy everyday To exchange some new fresh air Place it in a warm location

Not a hot location Maybe on top of the refrigerator Out of direct sunlight And if everything goes correctly You'll get roots somewhere along this cutting So let's start I like to use newspaper There is some train or line of thought

That the ink in newspaper helps prevent mold While you're trying to get to the point Where you would have roots on the cutting It's a race against time And also these conditions Sort of promote mold mildew and fungus And you're trying to get roots Before any of that takes hold of your cutting

And maybe you lose your cutting to rot orsome type of disease So I like to squeeze out the newspaper To get all the excess water out So that it is just damp Some people like to keep the ends Of the cuttings sticking out of the newspaper I usually just wrap the whole cutting And just put it into a regular baggie

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