Prairie Yard Garden Growing Grapes
(gentle music) Prairie Yard Garden is a production of the University of Minnesota Morris in cooperation with Pioneer Public Television. Closed captioning is provided by Mark and Margaret YackelJuleen in honor of Shalom Hill Farm, a nonprofit rural education retreat center in a beautiful
prairie setting near Windom in southwestern Minnesota. Shalom Hill Farm, shalomhill Did you hear that a new crop is appearing on the prairieé Growing grapes has created an interest among a few individuals who like the challenge of adapting it to our region. Join me on Prairie Yard Garden as we visit a vineyard to learn about the process and challenges
of growing grapes on the prairie. (soft lighthearted music) A new crop has appeared on the prairie: growing grapes And today I have Florian Ledermann with me who's been involved with the process for the last four to five years. Florian welcome to the show and tell me, how did you get interested in growing grapesé ^We got interested actually at the
University of Morris's Horticultural Night. We sat down in a tent and learned that the university just released four new varieties of grapes that are actually coldhardy. And before that, I always kind of figured grapes were the crop that just kind of came up and never really bore and died every winter and died back. So that's what spiked our interest.
And so that very nextspring, we bought five. And they survived and I did a little more research and decided to go with an acre. And a year later, another acre so we ended up with 1,350 vines as a result of that little adventure in Morris. Larry That's interesting. 1,300 vines, how long does it take you
to put all those in the groundé Florian We used family labor. (Florian laughs) So we had, it took us, I think probably when we were planting, it took us about threedays to put one acre in. That would be for the planting. The posts and the trellis system and everything
Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
How to Grow Passion Fruit for Fun and Profit
Alright, this is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens .Today we have another exciting episode for ya, and I'm still here on vacation in Mauihaving a wonderful time. And the reason I'm here is that I'm visiting a farm for youguys. It's Ulu Meli Farms here in beautiful Maui, and it was actually kind of a funnystory. I was at the Upcountry Farmer's Market near Kula in Maui on Saturdayâ€”probably thebest Farmer's Market on the island that I've discovered, and I'd recommend youguys visit if you haven't been there already, or when you visitâ€”and I met the farmers,and they knew who I was because they had watched my tutorials previously! So that was kind offunny, and we got to talking and now I'm
at their farm checking out their grow of thisunique tropical fruit. While they do have plenty of mango and lychee and avocado treesgrowing, this is a relatively new farm and they're not up to their full productionon those crops yet, although they are producing small amounts. One of the crops they are makinga full production of currently is the lilikoi or passion fruit.So let's go ahead and flip the camera around and show you guys how they're growing thepassion fruit, and what I want to do in this episode if give you guys some tips and tricksabout growing passion fruit if you've never done it before from a commercial farmer.So as you guys can see, what I'm looking
at now is basically the passion fruit vinesbehind be there. And these are all basically trellised up. That's tip number one. Youwant to trellis up your passion fruit vines because otherwise they will get rambunctiousand go all over and try to find something to climb up on. I grew some passion fruitat my place and unfortunately it wasn't a good variety, it was like an ornamentalvariety of passion fruit, it didn't make good fruit. So just recently I cut it outand that thing was a mess. It vined up on my roof and everywhere! So you could put itup on a hurricane fence or the outside border of your house like on barbed wire fencingalong the outskirts of the house, which I
think is a good to fill upâ€¦create some privacyâ€¦Plus create fruit on the outside of the property line which I've seen done in many places.They're actually growing it on trellises in rows, and what I'm gonna do next is actuallytake you guys up there and show you guys some of the specific practices they're doingto grow the passion fruit successfully, because it has fruited in nine months and they'realready up to full production. So whether you want to start a farm or have a littlehome garden, grow some passion fruit. They grow and yield very quickly.So now we're in the orchard with all the passion fruit vines and a tip is trellis,trellis, trellis! as I mentioned. And they
built custom trellises to house these guys.Now while they could basically unroll some steel hardware fencing and grow these up thator grow these up some hog panels, they've done it more inexpensive and this is the wayI'm gonna share with you guys. What they did was they took fourbyfour posts. Theyhave them every twenty feet, sunk into the ground. Now I would minimally get twelve footposts because the passion fruit will want to grow tall. But you also want to rememberthat you don't want it too tall because you won't be able to harvest them that easyif you're gonna pick them off the vine. That being said, we'll show you guys howto easily harvest them. But yeah, they have
the fourbyfour posts every twenty feet,then about every, I dunno, six feet or so that have some smaller wooden stakes to providesome support to the wire as well as give the passion fruits something to grow up on.So what they have next is actually just bailing wire or wire between the posts pulled tightlyspace out about probably every foot to allow the passion fruit vine to climb up it so thatthey easily see all the fruits, easily have access to fruits as well as the vines. Sonow let's go ahead and go over and take a look at how some of these vines are growing.So I'm standing in the middle of the passion fruit orchard and there's posts basicallyevery twenty feet all the way down. And each