Growing Grapes in Texas Jim Kamas Central Texas Gardener
I love Tait Moring's sense ofgardening style. Thanks so much for opening your gates for us. Right now we're going to talk aboutgrowing grapes. One of the hottest topics here in Texas because of all the wineries. We have Jim Kamas with us. It's great to have you back on theprogram. Welcome. Thanks, Tom, I appreciate it. Welcome back to Central Texas Gardener. You've just published a great new bookGrowing Grapes in Texas.
Congratulations on that! Thanks a lot. It took a couple years to get done, but I'm I'm pretty happy with it. Well you know, like I said, it's a hottopic. A lot of people are very interested in growing grapes in their backyard. Maybe one ofthose famous table grapes, like Concord or something like that. Well Concord ispretty tough to grow here. Concord likes acid soils which we don'thave. And it's much more adapted a cooler climates. If you wanted to grow Fredonia or some of the other lebrusca types, they'll work, but
Concord is a pretty tough one to grow here. Ok, well your book is filled with tips aboutvarieties and things like that. Let's focus on that home grower. You know , I know for example I go out to hillcountry every now and again to go to Fredericksburg, places around there. And I see wineries springing up like mushrooms now. And it kinda makes me wanna grow grapeshere in town. What does a home gardner need to know to get startedé Well if you're a homeowner and you want to grow enough vines to produce a little bit of wine
my advice is plant what you like. If you're planting a commercial vineyards we're going to have a very different discussion. But if you like Merlot, plant Merlot. If you like Syrah, plant Syrah. For smallscale, you have no big economicinvestment, so plant what you like and go with that. Yeah okay, that makes sense. In terms of the space needs, the sun,
all those kinds of things, grapes arerather particular and disease prone. Yes. So let's give people an idea of whatthe basics are that they would need to have any kind of success. Sure. Commercially our rows are spaced nine to ten feet apart, but in the backyard if you are maintaining the row centers with alawnmower or something, you can place the rows as close as six feet apart.And you can also go as tight as five to six feet between vines. You can put a lot of vines in arelatively small space.
So small space is OK. When we talk about the rows, we are talking about providing structures on which the the vines can grow and supportthemselves. Yes, a lot of times in California you'll see these free standing vines that are called head pruned vines. They don't do very well here because we need to keep our vines up off the ground because it rains here duringthe summer and they are very disease prone as you mentioned.
High Density Espalier Gardener Grapes 030715 Update after Pruning
This is the High Density Espalier Gardener With a new Update for my Mini Vineyard I did a lot of research this week And I found that I had been Doing some things incorrectly And so, this is not just to show you Oh how wonderful are the things That I have done
It is also to show you things That I have found out that I have done wrong and The corrections that I have made So that it might be helpful To other people who are Trying to do something similar I finally figured out
Or at least came to a good understanding Of what it means to have A Spur or a Cane Pruning On a Grape and I went to a Website called lecooke And it turns out these people This company is a major
Producer of most of the Grapes That I have and so I found a table, or a listing Of what the best Pruning Method Is for each type of Grape On the last tutorial I showed How I was doing a Double Cordon One along the wires
Here and here And then it was growing up And I had another set Of Cordons along the next wire Growing across So I had a Double T But one of the things that I found out was that
When you do that The bottom Cordon The Grapes that are Growing out of that Don't get enough light So your harvest on top Turns out to be better than The harvest on the bottom
Tree Plant Care What Time of Year to Plant Grapes
Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen, and in this segment,we're going to answer the question, when is the best time to plant grapesé When is thebest time to plant my grape plantsé Well grape plants are really easy to grow. They're justa vine. They're kind of a bush that grows into a little bit of a vine where you cantrain the branches. And they're easy to grow in the fact that they need full sun. And gooddrainage and lots of water. And the best time to transplant them is in the winter or earlyspring. Because you don't want to transplant them once they've started to grow and they'vestarted to bloom or they have new leaves or when they have fruit on them, because thenyou'll lose the fruit for that year. So you
want to transplant them in the fall when allthe foliage is died back and all the grapes have been taken off of them, and there's nothingbut stem left. And when you transplant them, be very careful not to cut them back too farto the ground, because sometimes if you cut it all down it won't come back. But then again,it is a root. So even if you do cut it all the way down, most of the time, it will comeback. But if possible, leave it a few feet tall so that you've got some main branchescoming up that you can trim them back so you're really only trimming down the branches wherethey're coming in where they're still on the small side. Once they become woody, if youcut it down to that point, it might just die.
So you want to make sure that the next yearthere's going to be some new growth. So basically, cut it back down to the point where there'sstill some foliage or there was some leaves this year. And just trim it down, cut it awayfrom its supports, dig it up, and leave it at least one foot around or more. Becauseyou're trying not to disturb the roots too much. Because it's better to leave the dirton the roots and to leave them solid and then turn around and transplant them in a new spotright away. Because if you do cut back the roots too much, sometimes you disturb themtoo and then you have to wait even longer for them to produce fruit again.