Prairie Yard Garden Growing Grapes
(gentle music) Prairie Yard Garden is a production of the University of Minnesota Morris in cooperation with Pioneer Public Television. Closed captioning is provided by Mark and Margaret YackelJuleen in honor of Shalom Hill Farm, a nonprofit rural education retreat center in a beautiful
prairie setting near Windom in southwestern Minnesota. Shalom Hill Farm, shalomhill Did you hear that a new crop is appearing on the prairieé Growing grapes has created an interest among a few individuals who like the challenge of adapting it to our region. Join me on Prairie Yard Garden as we visit a vineyard to learn about the process and challenges
of growing grapes on the prairie. (soft lighthearted music) A new crop has appeared on the prairie: growing grapes And today I have Florian Ledermann with me who's been involved with the process for the last four to five years. Florian welcome to the show and tell me, how did you get interested in growing grapesé ^We got interested actually at the
University of Morris's Horticultural Night. We sat down in a tent and learned that the university just released four new varieties of grapes that are actually coldhardy. And before that, I always kind of figured grapes were the crop that just kind of came up and never really bore and died every winter and died back. So that's what spiked our interest.
And so that very nextspring, we bought five. And they survived and I did a little more research and decided to go with an acre. And a year later, another acre so we ended up with 1,350 vines as a result of that little adventure in Morris. Larry That's interesting. 1,300 vines, how long does it take you
to put all those in the groundé Florian We used family labor. (Florian laughs) So we had, it took us, I think probably when we were planting, it took us about threedays to put one acre in. That would be for the planting. The posts and the trellis system and everything
Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
My Australia Episode 10 Part 1
Hello, IÃm Vijay Khurana. Welcome to My Australia,the show about people from overseas having Australian experiences. ItÃs all about food today. HereÃs whatÃscoming up. Akki earns some cash picking grapes, Weiping goes crab catching and Faye digs in at a community garden. Fruit picking is a popular type of work foryoung people in Australia and itÃs a great way to meet people from other cultures, butitÃs also hard work.
LetÃs see how Akki goes picking grapes. My name is Akimitsu Miyazato. People callme Akki. IÃm originally from Okinawa Japan. ItÃsa little island, southern Japan. Born and raised there. Grew up going to thebeaches and play sports and I was there til 18. I have a lot of friends I made. Well, my room mate is from Australia so firstgot to meet him and learn a lot from him. Down the street from where I live
Ssssh! ThatÃs the wallabies, theyÃre basicallysmall kangaroos. I didnÃt know about it but there are so manyof them. Check it out. I finish university. I am hoping that I amgetting a Masters degree and IÃm now here at the Mundubbera in Queenslandfive hours from Brisbane and I am at caravan park, staying in a caravanpark, going to fruit picking which is grape pickingnow and itÃs very hot but making money.
So this is my room, itÃs a big tent and witha small bed and I brought my guitar and Notebook computer,suitcase, very simple life, and you know I just comeback, work, at night, maybe one, two beers, play some tunes, some songs and try to composesome different songs my own. So this is where I always hang out with myfriends. This is the kitchen dining area. There are so many foreign students, you know,itÃs a break from the school so, from India. There are a lot of Koreans.
Majority of students are from those countries.They came and working. I bought Korean curry powder so IÃm justgoing to ask them how I make this curry because I can't read this Korean. If for you are three to four, five personyou can put everything. Okay, okay. Okay. Good luck. Yeah, thank you.
We start working at five oÃclock am, itÃsstill dark. Hi, itÃs 37. 37. This side. First day I only picked three boxes, whichis, I couldnÃt probably tell you the price ofwhat I earned but itÃs pretty pretty low. ItÃs very hot. Even though we start workingat five oÃclock, by nine oÃclock the sun is,