Growing Grapes in Texas Jim Kamas Central Texas Gardener
I love Tait Moring's sense ofgardening style. Thanks so much for opening your gates for us. Right now we're going to talk aboutgrowing grapes. One of the hottest topics here in Texas because of all the wineries. We have Jim Kamas with us. It's great to have you back on theprogram. Welcome. Thanks, Tom, I appreciate it. Welcome back to Central Texas Gardener. You've just published a great new bookGrowing Grapes in Texas.
Congratulations on that! Thanks a lot. It took a couple years to get done, but I'm I'm pretty happy with it. Well you know, like I said, it's a hottopic. A lot of people are very interested in growing grapes in their backyard. Maybe one ofthose famous table grapes, like Concord or something like that. Well Concord ispretty tough to grow here. Concord likes acid soils which we don'thave. And it's much more adapted a cooler climates. If you wanted to grow Fredonia or some of the other lebrusca types, they'll work, but
Concord is a pretty tough one to grow here. Ok, well your book is filled with tips aboutvarieties and things like that. Let's focus on that home grower. You know , I know for example I go out to hillcountry every now and again to go to Fredericksburg, places around there. And I see wineries springing up like mushrooms now. And it kinda makes me wanna grow grapeshere in town. What does a home gardner need to know to get startedé Well if you're a homeowner and you want to grow enough vines to produce a little bit of wine
my advice is plant what you like. If you're planting a commercial vineyards we're going to have a very different discussion. But if you like Merlot, plant Merlot. If you like Syrah, plant Syrah. For smallscale, you have no big economicinvestment, so plant what you like and go with that. Yeah okay, that makes sense. In terms of the space needs, the sun,
all those kinds of things, grapes arerather particular and disease prone. Yes. So let's give people an idea of whatthe basics are that they would need to have any kind of success. Sure. Commercially our rows are spaced nine to ten feet apart, but in the backyard if you are maintaining the row centers with alawnmower or something, you can place the rows as close as six feet apart.And you can also go as tight as five to six feet between vines. You can put a lot of vines in arelatively small space.
So small space is OK. When we talk about the rows, we are talking about providing structures on which the the vines can grow and supportthemselves. Yes, a lot of times in California you'll see these free standing vines that are called head pruned vines. They don't do very well here because we need to keep our vines up off the ground because it rains here duringthe summer and they are very disease prone as you mentioned.
How to Grow Black Pepper Piper nigrum
Hi, my name is Byron Martin and I'm from Logee's Greenhouses and todaywe're going to be talking about the black pepper, or the pepper ofCommerce or the culinary pepper. And the botanical name of the pepper is Piper nigrum and it is a endemic speciesand native to South India in the lowlands or humid and hottropics. And this is a potted plant that we haveshowing you the fruit green fruit here then this isthe ripening fruit. This is cutting
taken from our mother plant but thisactually shows you the initiation of the flowers so they comeout as a small stem like this flowers form along the buds and then asthe fruit matures it changes to these round green corns and eventually as youcan see here it turns red. And it is at this point that thepeppercorn can be picked and dried for use. The pepper or piper nigrum makes a great container plant for
moderate light areas, east to westwindows. Where they can be grown on the windowsill and preferring temperatures above 60degrees. So, one of the issues that growers or gardeners find with the pepperis that they have on the backsides of their leaves these small little beads that form and we can see here, up on these leaves there's these black spots. This is a question that we getcontinuously
thinking that it's an insect and actuallyit's not it's part of the plant there's an exudate of sugar, a littlebead of sugar that forms on the backsides of the leaves and over time turns black. The sooty moldsor opportunistic molds attack and feed on it. It creates no harmto the plant at all. Another thing about the pepper is that isyearround fruiting so we do have flowers and fruit comingand so there's an endless supply of peppercorns that one can harvest off ofthem. Generally, in the Northeast
we have cooler temperatures and shorterdays so things do slow down a bit but we can pretty much count on thepepper being in fruit and in flower yearroundfor us. And they are a vine they don't climb and tangle over thingsbut they do climb up things and their culture can be either allowed to grow in a basket where they may hang down but then you have to deal with the vine tangling up or they can be staked, and an example of that is a stake here which is kind of pulling the plant together. As in allplants
their is a need for fertilization andpeppers are what we could consider a low to moderate feeder. We generally would recommend fertilization of a balancedfertilizer. That would be a soluble salt that you mixwith water or a granular organic which is top dressed, just sprinkled on the top of the soil. Once a month maybe in a dilute form every two weeks during the growing season. They can havetoo much so
How To Grow Peppers Tips and Growing Peppers In Your Home Backyard with Ease
How to Grow Peppers Tips Growing Peppers In Your Home Backyard.