Growing Grapes Phoenix

Home Vineyard Growing Wine Grapes at Home

Hello and welcome to my home vineyard Let's get a lay of the land. As you can see thisis just a simple side yard it's got about 55 feet of space long twentysix feet of space wide we elected to go with twenty twofoot long rows northsouth facing uh. the rows are spaced about five feet apartto give us ample space for the vines to grow

and for us to manage and walk through we are planting about four plants per row to give it plenty of space to spread out and grow for the rows, we used uh. just simple fenceposts these are eightfoot fence post sunk about threefeet deep we tried to go about two feet deep butit wasn't uh. it just simply wasn't stable enough so we went that extra foot for stability

the wire is fourteen gauge wire uh. we elected to go with the verticaltrellising partly because it was easier and partlybecause uh. the north south facing rows, it allow it to get sun at all hours of the day uh. we have a drip irrigation linesran along the bottom we will be using half gallon per hour drips two per plant that allows us to adjust the water

water flow and manage the irrigation a littleeasier than if we used a heavier flow we'll actually be planting syrah grapes because we tend to be in a warmer, drier climateduring the summer doing something like pinot noirwould require greater cooler temperatures. that sort of thing that's our vineyard. We'll be planting the grapes nextweek and we'll come back then.

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

Growing Strawberries Chandler Variety Big Delicious

in the plant profile series of tutorialstoday we will look at a strawberry variety that's called quot;Chandlerquot; it's a vigorous very prolific variety that's only easy to grow but isabsolutely delicious so we will be growing these strawberries in two types of containers these containers that you see here arequite wide however they're not as deep now theChandler produces a lot of strawberries

so we're also going to compare it withgrowing in a deeper container and see how thatworks out I have used a standard morning mix of 30percent peat moss 30 percent perlite and 30 percentcompost I've not added any fertilizer yet I'll let thisstrawberry plant set in after transplanting them andgive them some time to just you know settle down in the newenvironment and then once they're settled

may be after a couple of weeksyou can start your fertilizers schedule And the Chandler variety of strawberry hasvery shallow roots so you can pretty much grow it anyin any kind of container here you can see the strawberry plantsgrowing now I planted these strawberry plants in December because these are June bearing strawberries so if you plant them in December It gives them some time to kind ofgrow a little bit

larger so that when its June they startproducing flowers and fruits so this strawberry variety grows greatalong the West Coast and you can see that it also growsgreat in some other states that you can see here so I used the snack here that you cansee to protect distraught buddies from birds and other critters and it seems to do a good jobwithout affecting the growth of the strawberry plants so whatyou're seeing here is a 16 inch large

container and it holds about five to sevengallons of soil and that's quite enough to grow thisvariety of strawberry as you can see the strawberries are prettylarge and this is one of the reasons this strawberry is also grown commercially it's not only large in size doesn't haveany defects its good looking and it also tastes verygood it has one of the best taste profiles amongst all thestrawberry plants

Strawberries do well with an allpurposefertilizer so make sure that the fertilizer you'regetting doesn't have high amounts of nitrogen however the strawberrydoesn't need a lot of fertilizer so as long as you're growing thestrawberries in a decent conditions using lot of compost some well drainingsoil as I have done here you can get a lot ofstrawberries very easily this strawberry variety is also veryresistant to any kind of insects and although it is susceptible todiseases

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