Growing Grapes Pests

Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry

Last January, January 6ththe official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures.Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zerowhere it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines.And we've never experienced any damage like this before.And we've never we really didn't know the extentof the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn't see anybuds developing and even some of thetrunks cracked.

But the impact of that was dramaticwe have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, PinotNoir, Cabernet Franc, Rieslingand without any grapes, we were forced to buya lot of grapes. But it's had a huge impactas far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine losswhich is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyardsthat will have to be replaced from the ground up

with new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out.So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars.Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio Stateone of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes.So really that's one of my expertise in this fieldof learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general.After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not onlyassess

the damage but also how to deal with the vinesthat are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just toshow them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes wayback in the 1980'sWe've had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the wineryand in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Damiour research stems lately from the cold winter vortexwhere we've had a lot of the vines killed and damagedfrom the minus twenty degree temperatures.

Current research is kind of involved tothe extent of the damage to determine the actual damage andto have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prunethese injured vines. We have not had temperatures that coldsince 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growershave not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help uskind of figure out what's the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.

Aphids White Fly Control Using Only Water

Alright! This is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens today we have another exciting episode for you and this one is going to be a quick oneat that. What we're going to do today is we're going to show you 3 easy, nontoxic,lowcost methods to get rid of the aphids in your garden, alrightéYou know, sometimes I use neem oil, Bronner's Sal Suds so if you could check my past episodeon that for the hard hitter but I don't always like to come out of the ring fighting.I do try to play nice and then escalate as needed. So, this are my first ways that Ilike to deal with aphids before I start getting out any sprays.So, step number one: I want to show you guys

what these aphids look like. It's like…in this case they're gray but depending on what they're eating, what plant they'reon, they're going to turn different colors, I've seen them black and I've seen themred before. Basically, they show up on the bottom side of the leaves, on many times,and then especially when the flower is… when it's going to flower and setting seed.It really likes the light tender shoots to like latch in to it. What aphids are is they'resoft body insects which literally send their little fangs, like a vampire into your neck,they're setting their fangs into the stems of the plants and the leaves of the plantsto suck out all the plant's juices, all

the nutrition that's supposed to be feedingthe plants so this will hinder your plant growth and can cause challenges. Although,a few aphids here and there are not a big deal but when you have a big outbreak likethis it can be a problem because they're going to multiply very quickly and spreadto infect other plants which we definitely don't want. So it's very important tokeep them under control. So, I want to go ahead and give you guys a closer shot of whatthis aphids look like and thanks to the advance optical technology of Canon we're goingto be able to do that. Checking out these aphids up close, checkit out, I can see them on there. Ok, we're

going to pan over, there you go, do you guyssee themé It's those… I've got some wind here but they're on the stem there,all those little gray things on the stem there. So, now that you guys have seen what the aphidsare; the easiest way to control them is, number one, some sheers and we're going to go downto the plant and basically where they all are, they're on the top of the plant, we'regoing to just cut off this whole section. That kind of does me a favor too because Iwant this plant, the dinosaur kale, to produce more leaves instead of more flowers and shoots,although I do let some go so I can save seed. So we can still just cut off whole sectionsof plants and put them in the compost and

we're going to compost those aphids intofurther protein for the compost pile; that's way number one.Way number two is if you have it on leaves or even on the stems, you know, you've gotsome of the best aphis smashers in the whole world. I can do a lot of other things withmy fingers too but we've got aphid smashing fingers here so we can simply find the aphidson the back side of leaves and what I like to do is literally smoosh them. I just rubmy hand up on here, smoosh them all and I've got aphid fingers. Mmmm smells like somethingI know, but anyways so yeah, smoosh them all. So, these are the first two steps I may useto rid my garden of aphids. Now, yes, this

can take a bit of time, it's not as easyas spraying some junk but you're not sraying anything and this costs you no money ,exceptsome time. Have some local kids smash aphids for you. The next step is another way Ilike to do if I have to escalate, if I have a big aphid challenge; if there's maybesome plants in my garden that have an infestation then actually I don't want to snip off.I don't particularly care if I cut off pieces of the dinosaur kale but I do care about mytree collards I want them to go to seed so I can save some seed because it rarely goesto seed and so I'm going to use another technique, so let me go ahead and hare thatwith you next.

Organic NonToxic Pest Control that is safe enough to EAT

Alright! this is John Kohler from growingyourgreens ,today we have another exciting episode for you coming at you from the backyard gardenand today's episode – I've got some problems, man, I've got some bugs in mygarden. Let me go ahead and show you guys. I don't know if you can see this okra planthere that is pretty kind of close up but we got ants running up and down the little stemsof the plant here and on the bottom of the leaves, if we look very closely, you can seeall these little black dots. Man, these are like aphids sitting on the bottom of my leavesand the ants are basically farming the aphid poop which is sugar which is food for them.And basically what happens is the aphids suck

the lifeblood out of my okra so that it isnot going to be as productive. Plus, they got all these pesky ants everywhere that arekind of pissing me off. Now this is the middle of the summer time hundred plus degree weather.And you do not want to be spraying any kind of water solution or watering your plantsin the middle of the day because you will get leaf burn for sure. So normally I wouldtreat this with like a Neem oil and Bronners Sal Suds soap, I will post a link down belowto the tutorial where I explain how to do this so this means that I could spray in the earlymorning or the late evening you know after the sun goes down and it is cooler so thatI will not damage the leaves. Now the problem

is I always have something to do and I can'talways spray in the early morning or the late evening, so instead of using my favorite Bronners Sal Suds and the Neem oil which is probably one of my favorite ways to controlinsects organically, I am going to show you guys another way that can actually be appliedany time of day and you can use this instead of or in conjunction with the Neem and DrBronners. If you do want to use it in conjunction with, I would recommend always alternatingso do like one week do the Neem, Bronners and then do this next one I am going to showyou and then do the Neem and Bronners and always rotate because insect may be immuneto the Neem and Bronners, some of them,

if you don't properly apply it, but theone I am going to show you guys today they will not grow any immunity to ever. So let'sgo over, sit down and share with you guys this new organic pesticide that I'll beapplying today. So the natural and organic product that I'llbe using to control the insects this round is this stuff right here, it's actuallycalled the PermaGuard Crawling Insect control and this is EPA registered and basically whatit is, it is diatomaceous earth and what that diatomaceous earth is basically the skeletalremains of some microscopic sea creatures that lived thousands of years ago, so theskeletons of us are made out of calcium, the

skeletons of the sea creatures are actuallymade of this silica. So it is this silica that actually does the pest control, and thisis, this works by mechanical action for example the Neem works, you know, basically just bybeing, being toxic to the pests. Whereas, and the pest may develop immunity to this,whereas this works by mechanical action so mechanical action what I mean is simply this,imagine if there was like a glass bottles right and they took the glass bottles andthey broke them up into small pieces right and then they put you in a tank of the glassbottle shards and then rubbed that all over you and just rubbed it all over you, man,you would just get cut and you would bleed

red blood from the inside out until you hadtoo much blood loss and you'd lose your life. So how the diatomaceous earth worksmuch like if we would bleed all our blood out, this stuff actually basically works bydehydration. It basically cuts open the insect, it gets dehydrated because it cannot keepall it's fluid inside and it loses its life, so much like we would never be immune probablyto glass shards, the insects will never be immune to the diatomaceous earth, also abbreviatedas DE. So this is the special diatomaceous earth that is EPA registered for crawlinginsects. You know, whether you got aphids or whether you got ants and cockroaches, whetheryou got problems with some spiders, I mean,

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