Growing Grapes New Mexico

Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year

growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth

bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right

near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus

the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds

from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.

How to Grow Passion Fruit for Fun and Profit

Alright, this is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens .Today we have another exciting episode for ya, and I'm still here on vacation in Mauihaving a wonderful time. And the reason I'm here is that I'm visiting a farm for youguys. It's Ulu Meli Farms here in beautiful Maui, and it was actually kind of a funnystory. I was at the Upcountry Farmer's Market near Kula in Maui on Saturday—probably thebest Farmer's Market on the island that I've discovered, and I'd recommend youguys visit if you haven't been there already, or when you visit—and I met the farmers,and they knew who I was because they had watched my tutorials previously! So that was kind offunny, and we got to talking and now I'm

at their farm checking out their grow of thisunique tropical fruit. While they do have plenty of mango and lychee and avocado treesgrowing, this is a relatively new farm and they're not up to their full productionon those crops yet, although they are producing small amounts. One of the crops they are makinga full production of currently is the lilikoi or passion fruit.So let's go ahead and flip the camera around and show you guys how they're growing thepassion fruit, and what I want to do in this episode if give you guys some tips and tricksabout growing passion fruit if you've never done it before from a commercial farmer.So as you guys can see, what I'm looking

at now is basically the passion fruit vinesbehind be there. And these are all basically trellised up. That's tip number one. Youwant to trellis up your passion fruit vines because otherwise they will get rambunctiousand go all over and try to find something to climb up on. I grew some passion fruitat my place and unfortunately it wasn't a good variety, it was like an ornamentalvariety of passion fruit, it didn't make good fruit. So just recently I cut it outand that thing was a mess. It vined up on my roof and everywhere! So you could put itup on a hurricane fence or the outside border of your house like on barbed wire fencingalong the outskirts of the house, which I

think is a good to fill up…create some privacy…Plus create fruit on the outside of the property line which I've seen done in many places.They're actually growing it on trellises in rows, and what I'm gonna do next is actuallytake you guys up there and show you guys some of the specific practices they're doingto grow the passion fruit successfully, because it has fruited in nine months and they'realready up to full production. So whether you want to start a farm or have a littlehome garden, grow some passion fruit. They grow and yield very quickly.So now we're in the orchard with all the passion fruit vines and a tip is trellis,trellis, trellis! as I mentioned. And they

built custom trellises to house these guys.Now while they could basically unroll some steel hardware fencing and grow these up thator grow these up some hog panels, they've done it more inexpensive and this is the wayI'm gonna share with you guys. What they did was they took fourbyfour posts. Theyhave them every twenty feet, sunk into the ground. Now I would minimally get twelve footposts because the passion fruit will want to grow tall. But you also want to rememberthat you don't want it too tall because you won't be able to harvest them that easyif you're gonna pick them off the vine. That being said, we'll show you guys howto easily harvest them. But yeah, they have

the fourbyfour posts every twenty feet,then about every, I dunno, six feet or so that have some smaller wooden stakes to providesome support to the wire as well as give the passion fruits something to grow up on.So what they have next is actually just bailing wire or wire between the posts pulled tightlyspace out about probably every foot to allow the passion fruit vine to climb up it so thatthey easily see all the fruits, easily have access to fruits as well as the vines. Sonow let's go ahead and go over and take a look at how some of these vines are growing.So I'm standing in the middle of the passion fruit orchard and there's posts basicallyevery twenty feet all the way down. And each

How to grow Blue Maize corn Healthy Delicious

A corn variety that's not only good lookingbut is absolutely healthy for you Say hi to the blue maize So the blue maize corn is a special typeof corn Now before we take a look at the details Let's look at what types ofcorns are available So the first type of corn is the sweet corn the regular sweet cornthat you can grow in your garden

It tastes very sweet there's a second type of corn called field corn which is basically an inedible type of cornthat nobody grows in their home garden It is only used for cattle feed And there's a third variety ofcorn that I would like to classify that's somewhere between sweet corn and field corn Its an absolutely nice tasting corn very delicious but it's not sweet it doesn'thave that much of sugar as in sweet corn

So you can either direct sow your cornseeds in your raised beds or the ground Or you can sow them in these kind ofcups or small containers and then once the seeds sprout you can transplant them And here you can see my threeyearold son sowing these corn seeds And as you might have realized this process is fairly simple and easy to do So within about 15 days your seeds should

germinate and should form well definedleaves as you can see here and this is a And this is a good time to transplant thesecorn seedlings into larger containers now Now we'll be growing our corn in thi rope bucket tub that I got from Walmartfor a cheap price Now if you haven't watched mytutorial on growing sweet corn in containers I highly recommend that youwatch this tutorial You can see the link to the tutorialon your screen

And this tutorial explains allthe details of how to successfully grow sweet corn in containers The tutorial that you're seeing right now is just a plant profile of the blue maiz corn And I really wanted to do a tutorial onthis corn variety Simply because it's absolutely delicious And along with theglass gem corn variety Which is the other absolutely delicious corn variety

Forms this class of corn which is not very sweet But is also not a field corn So if you're like me if you like corn that isnot very sweet You'll absolutely loveeating this corn And make sure you water your plantsvery well after transplanting And this is also a good time to add a liquid fertilizer Or if you prefer to usea slowrelease fertilizer

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