Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
Growing Grapes for Wine
The way that Remember when we were standing out in the vineyard, we were looking at all these clusters and we were saying quot;this is too much fruit we're going to have to thin thisquot;é The person who created the system for figuring out how much that fruit was going to weigh when it was harvested long enough in advance, i.e. now,
so that we could do something about it to get the crop right, was Steve Price in the Hort department at OSU in the 80s who came up with this simple system that is used all around the world now to predict crop level. Well the system is You'd think that somebody would have
figured this out in advance of 1980s Corvallis, but nobody had. You basically wait until the sort of one to two week window when the grapevine shifts gears. It's been sort of building the cluster weight and growing all at the same time, so that the
are still growing and the clusters, the berries, the individual berries, are still getting bigger. And they'll continue to do that until sometime in late July basically, maybe early August. But then there's this window where the vine kind of changes what it's about to do, because from then on it's going to be all about
making sugar and growing the grape size. But for the two weeks, sometimes only a week and a half, the grapes don't change weight. It's a lag growth phase. And if you weigh the grapes at that point, and do a good job of estimating how many grapes are out there
and you double it, you basically know what the weight of that block that you just estimated. Obviously it depends on grape estimation skill and it depends on, to some extent, on the year because not every year does it double. There was a year a couple years ago where it didn't really double.
How to stop people from stealing your home grown vegetables in your front yard garden
Alright! This is John Kohler with GrowingYourGreens !Had a question lately, the other dayâ€”and I get it a lot actually so I'm making atutorial for the first time about this subject. â€œHey John, what do you do about that'sstealing you foodéâ€� Well let me tell ya! If you're gonna stealmy food, you're gonna get the pitchfork!! And this is a fiberglass handle so it'snot gonna break when I'm hitting you over the head!Okay, all joking aside, you know, I really don't have an issue with people stealingany of the food here. I live in nice, middleclass neighborhood here in suburbia in NorthernCalifornia, so I'm not like in downtown
LA or in New York City or anything. And theother thing, you know, there is some traffic walking up and down my streetâ€”it's nota busy street buy any meansâ€”but the other thing is, you know, most people don't eventhink about food growing in the front yard. â€œThat's ridiculous! You grow a lawn inyour front yard, you don't grow food in your front yard! This isn't stuff to eat!This is all stuff to look at to make it look pretty! You know, food doesn't come fromthe ground! It comes from McDonald's, and Burger King, and all the fast food and restaurantsâ€”wait,maybe it even comes from the supermarketâ€¦ But it doesn't come from the front yard!That's ridiculous!â€�
So most people it's just out of their consciousness,unfortunately, that all this is edible, organic, and actually really high quality. So on theoccasional person that comes by and that's admiring my garden and I happen to be outhereâ€”and I'm out here a lot, you know tending it, walking around, hanging out, Iwas out eating lunch todayâ€”and they'll make comments on my garden and say â€œWow,what's thatéâ€� and in many cases, I'll offer people walking by free food to bringhome. I really like to introduce people to new tastes and new varieties, you know. Lastyear, I gave some red Russian kale and some dino kale to different people and told themthat they can eat it raw and they were absolutely
amazed! Like â€œI could eat this rawéâ€� andI'm like â€œYeah! Just cut it up into small bits and put it in a salad and it tastes reallygood.â€� And that's because the kale at the store, it's been picked a week, a weekand a half, two weeks ago and it's shipped to you and then it starts to taste bitter.And that's when it starts to go bad. But fresh kale grown organically in the rightsoil, and soil amendments, and rock dust minerals, tastes really good.But yeah, I mean, I have flowers here and most people would never think that you couldeat flowers, they're just something that you give at weddings or put on a table fordecorations, but all my flowers are edible.
And even these flowers are edible. Arugulaflowers. And so I have arugula here in the front if people think they could eat this.They can certainly try. Most people might not love the taste, I like the taste of fresharugula. And it's all edible. Now, if I did have some issues, if I didâ€”Igenerally believe people are goodâ€”and you know I have had a couple of instances whereI have seen people pick tomatoes and that's where you're gonna get into some challenges.When you grow some more common crops, like tomatoes or even peppers I think I've hadsome issues with, corn, where people know what the hell they are. Other people, theydon't know what arugula is. They probably
never seen spinach growing in the ground!Or dino kale, man, that thing's really weird and it's all crinkled leaves! Yeah, so mostpeople don't knowâ€¦ But if I did have some issues and I've had friendsâ€”talked tosome friends that live on a busy street or maybe lower income areas that people actuallyeat vegetables in those areas because they don't have a lot of money to buy the expensivestuff. I would use something like this that I put on my arbor here. This is basicallyhog fencing. It's galvanized, or I would use hurricane fencing around the perimeterof my lot and then I would actually grow things up that, so I actually have the communitygardenâ€”I've actually had some issues where