Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied
up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be
pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the
growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,
to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
Northstar Winery winemaker discuss Washington wine grapes from various Washington estates
2011, harvest! It's a Friday at AnnemarieVineyard. it's getting really close to being ripe so Iquot;m out tasting. And this what I'lldo at all at our vineyards we source from. Ready to go! Let the games begin! This isa very special place because we source the fruit from all over the state. The best thebest of the estate and vineyards and they all bring their own personalities and allbring something different to the table add something different to the wine, that we enjoy. These are building blocks, theses are different components from these different AVA's. From Horse Heaven to Walla Walla to Red Mountain. Each vineyard is so different. There's manyvarietals that do really well in Washington
State. I believe that Merlot does the best based on the climatethat we have and the free draining soils. There's nice warm days kinda like a desertbut then it'll cool off at night. The fruit stops ripening and locks in its acidity whichis key to grape growing regions. I do believe this one the best growing regions in the world.We work with some spectacular growers that are trying to make the best fruit in the world. We focus on Merlot. Merlot does very well in this state. It has to be minimum the seventyfivepercent Merlot. It varies from vintage to vintage with seventy five percent up to ninetyfivepercent Merlot. this is one of my favorite vineyards. The fruit definitely expressesits very dense and lots structure. Lots of
fruit. In Hore Heaven AVA is Mike Andrewsso it's a lot of Sun there it's a very warm side intense barries clusters unique flavorcomponent coming site black fruit characteristics like blackberry black cherry. This is silkyand soft. there ia lot more silk quality in the Walla Walla Valley There is this earthyquality to it herbal characteristics that come from this area So this Cabernet fromAnnamarie is very fruity its gonna have lots and cherry and raspberry and it's gonna be verybright, fresh and crisp. What i'm looking for here Northstar when we are making wineis layers of flavors I don't want one component of wine standing out more than other. whenyou taste the wine, I want the fruit up front
maybe some spice and some chocolate comingfrom the oak and then I want a mid palette that's nice and full and then I want a niceand long finish. And i just like balance. This smells delicious. I wish you could tastethis at home!.
How to Prune Grapes Summer
Hi, I'm Tricia, a California organic gardener and today we're going to talk about summer maintenance for your table grapes we've had an extremely wet season thisyear and my table grapes have gone bonkers I'm growing four different types of tablegrapes here and there's a lot of vegetative growth making for a very densecanopy over the grape vines earlier in the spring, the shoots were thinned when they were about six to twelve inches long you should have about six to eightshoots per foot of canopy at the same time as thinning the shoots, I also cut the suckers off at the trunk
and i'm going to continue to trim these suckers throughout the season, as necessary you see there's not enough sunlight getting into this little fruit clusters the sunlight is what helps improve theflavor and the quality of the fruit by having so much foliage around thecluster, I'm also at risk for disease the first step is to take these long shoots and tuck them into the trellising and keep them out of the fruiting zone that helped a lot but you can see there'sstill a lot of hanging vines I'm going to trim back this shoot that has no clusters on it
if you're going to trim back a shoot that has clusters, be sure and leave about 1517 fullsized leaves before you make your cut cut as little as possible and try to cut atthe point where the leaves are half the size of the mature leaves these smaller leaves haven't startedproducing food yet so the vine won't miss them as much asit would miss these larger food producing leaves the grape vines are looking a lot better the cutting is going to stimulate the growth so you don't want to do this too late in the season if the fruit is just beginning to ripen,it's too late to cut
now that I've tamed the vines, it's time to thin the fruit cluster thin when the fruit has just setand before it gets too big for goodsized table grapes leave onecluster per shoot in order to improve the size of thegrapes, snip off the very bottom of the cluster I'm happy to have completed my summermaintenence on my table grape vines now I look forward to grape jam, grape jelly,grape juice, and those frozen grape treats so enjoy your grape vines and Grow Organic for Life!.