Growing Berries And Grapes At Home

Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year

growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth

bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right

near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus

the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds

from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.

Growing Strawberries Chandler Variety Big Delicious

in the plant profile series of tutorialstoday we will look at a strawberry variety that's called quot;Chandlerquot; it's a vigorous very prolific variety that's only easy to grow but isabsolutely delicious so we will be growing these strawberries in two types of containers these containers that you see here arequite wide however they're not as deep now theChandler produces a lot of strawberries

so we're also going to compare it withgrowing in a deeper container and see how thatworks out I have used a standard morning mix of 30percent peat moss 30 percent perlite and 30 percentcompost I've not added any fertilizer yet I'll let thisstrawberry plant set in after transplanting them andgive them some time to just you know settle down in the newenvironment and then once they're settled

may be after a couple of weeksyou can start your fertilizers schedule And the Chandler variety of strawberry hasvery shallow roots so you can pretty much grow it anyin any kind of container here you can see the strawberry plantsgrowing now I planted these strawberry plants in December because these are June bearing strawberries so if you plant them in December It gives them some time to kind ofgrow a little bit

larger so that when its June they startproducing flowers and fruits so this strawberry variety grows greatalong the West Coast and you can see that it also growsgreat in some other states that you can see here so I used the snack here that you cansee to protect distraught buddies from birds and other critters and it seems to do a good jobwithout affecting the growth of the strawberry plants so whatyou're seeing here is a 16 inch large

container and it holds about five to sevengallons of soil and that's quite enough to grow thisvariety of strawberry as you can see the strawberries are prettylarge and this is one of the reasons this strawberry is also grown commercially it's not only large in size doesn't haveany defects its good looking and it also tastes verygood it has one of the best taste profiles amongst all thestrawberry plants

Strawberries do well with an allpurposefertilizer so make sure that the fertilizer you'regetting doesn't have high amounts of nitrogen however the strawberrydoesn't need a lot of fertilizer so as long as you're growing thestrawberries in a decent conditions using lot of compost some well drainingsoil as I have done here you can get a lot ofstrawberries very easily this strawberry variety is also veryresistant to any kind of insects and although it is susceptible todiseases

Planting Blueberries Growing Blueberries

Hi I'm Tricia a California organic gardener blueberry muffins, blueberry pie, blueberry ice cream, blueberry pancakes, plain old blueberries if you like them you can grow them in containers or in the garden bed I'll show you how! for successful blueberry garden its important to choose the right variety the number of chill hours in your area will helpyou make a decision on what varieties to plant and you can contact your local agdepartment to find out the chill hours

in your area for example if you live in a cold areawith a thousand chill hours or so get a northern highbush type for warmer climates go with lower chillhour southern highbush get at least two varieties for optimum yields and pollination growing delicious blueberries all starts with the soil blueberries are an acid loving plant like azaleas and rhododendrons if you're not sure of the acidity of your soil you can do simple pH test

blueberries like it to be between four and five on the pH scale controlling the pH of your soil in contaniers is very easy and blueberries do really well going incontainers like these thirty gallon smart pots a great recipe for blueberry containermix is one part organic potting soil for nutrients and one part peat moss or coco peat for moisture retention and to help create that low pH were going to add a half a pound of this acid fertilizer to every cubic foot that we have of potting mix

now the fun part i get to plant my chandler blueberry make sure and plant the blueberry up to the same spot that it was plantedbefore and then water I expect an abundant harvest of blueberriesfrom these plants in the future but this year i'm going to pick off theselittle flowers so that i can encourage the root development

but that's okay because i have established blueberries planted somewhere else and I'm going to show you how to care for those so here we are with some of myestablished blueberry plants and they're just starting to flower and to keep them healthy and happy I'm going to do a few things Im going to make sure that there well mulched and watered I'm going to fertilize them and I'm going to do some moderate pruning

so I've buried emitter line all alongthe fence line here where the blueberries are planted so i'm sure that theblueberries are getting adequate water they like about an inch of water per week I'm also going to make sure that theres no weed competition around the base of the blueberry plants now that I've cleared away all the weeds and competition I'm going to go ahead and fertilize according to the instructions on the package your going to want to fertilize early spring and late spring

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