Grapevines Mudslide

Growing Grapes

We have plenty of wild concord grapes on ourproperty. However, the insurance company doesn't approve of our harvesting methods so it'sprobably best to plant some cultivated grapes. When I cleared the land for the greenhouse,it left plenty of area to plant various fruit producing plants which don't need the greenhouseto thrive. Plus why waste the space just growing grassé Taking a look at my 3rd grade drawing skills,I'm going to set three 4x4x10' treated posts 34 feet into the ground and space them 24'apart. This will allow for 8 plants in the space. Then I'll string 12 gauge galvanizedwire starting with the first wire 4246quot; from

the ground, then space the other two 12quot; apart.The plants can be spaced 6' apart and over time the vines can be trained along the 3wires. I had planned to set the posts first in theevent that I hit any large rocks while digging, however I blew a seal on the backhoe and hadto find some parts for it. So I took my chances and put the plants in first. The row shouldgo in a straight line and a 100' tape measure works well for marking out the locations ofeach post and plant. Jamming a piece of survey's tape at each mark does the trick. We're goingoldschool and using a pickaxe and shovel and digging a hole about 1 foot deep. Luckilythere weren't any large rocks in the way just

a few roots and small stones that the pickaxewas able to pluck out. Later, looking at the post holes, you'll see why I didn't dig themby hand. Planting the vines is fairly easy. I got theseseedless concord grapes from Gurney's for half price. I just remove the fiber that'sused for keeping the roots damp, spread out the roots a bit, and set it in the hole sothat all the roots that emerge from the vine will be just below the finished level of thesoil. All the dirt that came out of the hole was hardpan so I filled it with nice organicsoil, then compacted it down, and gave it a really good watering. It also importantto cover the area with mulch to help maintain

the moisture in the soil until the roots canget established. These will get watered every day for a couple of weeks. The actual work of planting the vines is quick.It's the preparation of digging out the rocks that takes all the time. A 30 cent Oring and a day to dismantle andreassemble the valve assembly and the backhoe is running again. I can now install the postsfor the wire arbor. It may not be the fastest backhoe, but it beats digging through therock with a pick and shovel. The holes are dug to about 4 feet which will provide a deepenough anchor to prevent the posts from leaning

from the future weight of the vines. Someof the rocks that I pulled out where bigger than the hole. If I had to dig these by hand,I probably would have only dug down a couple of feet, and then would have to anchor theposts with concrete and guywires. It seems like a really big hole for a post,but without an auger with rock drilling bit, it's probably the easiest way to set a post.A little cleanup at the bottom of the hole and it's ready. I'm using 4x4 treated lumberrated for direct burial. I'm not a fan of using treated lumber, but in order for itto last a long time, it's a necessary evil. I like to add two temporary cleats to thepost to help support it while I'm set it plumb

and backfill the hole. I also like to dropa few rocks around the base to hold it in place when I start to fill it in. I'll fillthe hole several inches at a time and compact it between each layer, then clean up the areawith some more woodchip mulch. The first wire starts roughly 4246 inchesfrom the ground and the second and 3 wires are spaced 12 inches apart. It will be theperfect snacking height for the deer. At each marking I'll drill a 38quot; hole through thepost and then put in a 516quot; eyebolt. The back side has a large fender washer and nut.Having a large washer will help to keep the nut from pulling into the post under the weightof the vines. It's fairly important to make

Caltrans News Flash 53 Caltrans Responds to Massive Mudslide on Hwy 58

Hi, I'm Florene Trainor. I'm Caltrans District 9 Public Information Officer and we're out here at the State Route 58 mudslide that happened onThursday October 14th 2015. I'm standing here with Dave Batchelder. He is the Maintenance Manager for this district and he's going to tell us a little bit about what happened out here. Dave, what happened on Thursday and what did you seeé It wasjust before dark and it was chaos looked like an apocalypse. There was trucks and cars stacked on top of each other, there were cars in the air as high as 10 feetsitting on top of mud. As I looked around there was a lot of people in and out oftheir vehicles and a lot of a lot of mud.

Started making phone calls atapproximately 5:30 and requesting help and the first thing out of the person'smouth was quot;Well, do you need a loaderéquot; and at that point in time I realized you knowthey really don't understand how big this was. When the Sun came up the nextday even I was amazed. We had approximately two miles of road that wascompletely under mud. It ranged anywhere from 2 feet deep to 12 feet deep. Wow, that's absolutelyincredible. And just so you know this event and others that we may anticipatethis year in El Niño conditions the

scale of it was much greater than I hadimagined until you're actually on the ground you can't get a feel for thescope of what's required in something like this. This was an event that just to give a scale was longerthan 30 football fields long and we had mud going 5 to 7 feet in fact mud wascoming up to the windows of semi trucks. So this is the single biggest event inDistrict nine for the last fifteen years and includes eastern Kern County and allthe way up the eastern Sierra. So Caltrans, this is a Caltrans highway and whatwe do how do we work at getting this

cleaned up and getting it back open forthe publicé This is the largest operation that I'veever been on and it's been a joint operation between Granite Constructionand Caltrans which is unusual we don't typically work sidebyside withcontractors. Their equipment is loading our trucks our equipment is loadingtheir trucks and we're all moving material around. And so did Caltrans have anything to do with removing the vehiclesé Caltrans did a lot to do withremoving the vehicles. These vehicles were literally buried. There was we found vehicles underneath the mud.

Our equipment was in the mud pretty deep and we were using our loaders, our excavators to help drag out the trucks and the cars.The tow companies were having a hard time getting in and out so the best way we can do it was to put our loaders in there and drag the stuff out. It's the biggest thingI've seen, and yes, it took a lot to put this together. This is Florene Trainor reporting forCaltrans News Flash on State Route 58 near Tehachapi, California. Remember be work zone safe every day.

California homes buried by mudslides

A scene of devastation in California. Dozens of homes damaged, with at least 10redtagged as unsafe to enter, after being engulfed by mudslides in Camarillo Springs,north of Los Angeles. Hundreds of homes had to be evacuated as aPacific storm pounded Southern California, with heavy rain and high winds on Friday. Train services were also affected due to theensuing flash floods and mudslides. Here in Camarillo Springs, boulderstrewnrivers of mud swept down hillsides that had been stripped of vegetation last year by awildfire.

It left mounds of rock piled up to the roofson several homes. Around 1,000 homes were also placed underevacuation orders in the LA suburb of Glendora, where mudslides from a wildfireburned arealeft several roads impassable. Elsewhere in the state, one person was founddead on Friday in a rainswollen floodcontrol channel in Orange County, the third stormrelatedfatality on the West Coast since Thursday. Rescue teams saved two people after they wereswept away in the fastmoving Los Angeles River near a homeless encampment. High winds also tore down power lines throughoutthe region, leaving as many as 78,000 customers

without electricity.

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