Grapes Vines Pics

Growing Grapes

Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.

Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.

For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,

with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.

To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags

its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.

Pruning Grape Vines

Hi, I'm Tricia, an organic gardener. If you want bunches of grapes on your grapevines this summer, then you need to do your winter pruning. I'll show you how! There are two types of pruning: cane and spur pruning. And both of them should be done late in the season, between January and March. We're gonna start with cane pruning, because all table grapeswill be productive with that method.

For cane pruning, I'm gonna choose one to two canesfrom last year's growth on each side of the vine and I'm going to cut the rest! You can tell the age of a cane by its bark. 1yearold canes have smooth bark,older canes have shaggy bark. When choosing which canes to keep, you're gonna choose a cane that's coming off very close to the trunk, as compared to onethat's coming off of a branch, like this. The canes that you keep should have about 15 buds along the length of the cane. And they should be close to the top of the vine.

Don't choose canes that are too thin or too thick. Choose them when they're about pencil size. I'm gonna tag the canes that I'm gonna keep with this ribbon, and I'm going to cut the rest. I want to make sure and not cut a good cane. These are the 2 fruiting canes that I'm going to keep. For every fruiting cane that I keep, I'm going to cut another cane into a renewal spur. A renewal spur is a cane cut to 2 buds and these buds are going to create next year's fruiting canes. If your cut starts to bleed, don't worry, that's normal. It won't hurt the vine.

After seeing how this vine is shaping up, I don't think I need this cane after all. So you're gonna cut your fruiting cane back to about 15 buds. And if you have any lateral branches coming off this cane, that's the time you would cut them. For grape vines growing on arbors, the first thing you're gonna do is cut off any suckers that are coming offthe main vine or cordon. And then you just want to cane prune. You want to keep one cane and one renewal spur for every 1 2 feet of cordon. This grapevine has been neglected and hasn't been pruned in a couple of years.

So, before I actually start the spur pruning, I'm going to clean it up. Typically, spur prune varieties are trained to a bilateral cordon, which are these thick branches on either side of the trunk. These cordons can be pruned to length, but they're never pruned all the way off, back to the trunk. Mine are maintained at about 3.5 feet. A spur is last year's growth, cut back to 2 buds. Ideally, you're gonna want 7 spurs on each cordon. And on this cordon, I'll probably get close.

On the other cordons, I'll have to wait until next year because this vine was neglected. The canes that make the best spurs are the ones that are going upward, close to the cordon. Prune all the canes to spurs and then select the best 7 for each cordon. Ideally the spurs should be spaced about 6 inches apart. Don't worry if they're not, just strive for some nice spacing between the 7 spurs on each cordon. Even though this is a nice cane, it's growing too far from the cordon, so I'm gonna snip it off. Tame your grapes and Grow Organic for Life!.

How To Grow Lots of Grape Vines for FREE

Every year I try to add as many edible plantsto my garden as I can, while spending as little money as possible. Most of my gardening budgetgoes to buying plants. Today, I want to show you a technique that you can use to get alot of grape vines for very little cost, if any cost at all, as long as you or one ofyour neighbors or friends has a existing grape vine. Really, the only three materials you're goingto need for this project are a knife, a pot with some potting soil or just compost fromyour yard. That what I used. And of course, you're going to need the grape vine (for thecuttings). It's best if you try this before

the grape vine starts to leaf out, when it'sin the dormant state during the winter. Alright, so basically every year, you're probablygoing to prune a little bit of your grape vine, just to keep it in check and make surethe shape is how you want it to be as well as keeping it growing in the direction thatyou want. Well, you can take these cuttingsthese trimmingsfrom your grape vine and if they'reabout three nodes longsee, here's one node right here, and here's another node, and anothernodeyou're going to at least three nodes, if not four to five nodes. What you want to do on the end of your cutting,once you have it off the vine, is take one

end and shave off some of the hard outer barkof the vine, like so. It's going to expose the kind of fleshy, softer green wood that'son the inside of this cutting. That's going to make your vine more likely to root by exposingthis tender green area. I forget the exact name of it, but your vine will want to rootafter taking some damage to the outer layer of bark. So once you have your bark exposedthe greenfleshy inner part exposedyou're going to take your potting soil or compost, whateveryou're using, and stick it down into the soil. the damaged part of the cutting. And justmake sure it's nice and firm in the pot. Then

you're going to water it. Give it a reallygood watering and maybe put some mulch on it to keep it moist through the season. Andyour grape vinethe actual vine in the groundis going to leaf out first, so if it doesn'tstart to leaf out immediately, don't panic. It's gonna take a little bit longer for thecutting to actually leaf out because it's a cutting. it's not the actual plant. Ithas to develop a root system to feed the leaves before it can actually focus on growing intoa new plant. Just be patient. So then, after a few weeks, you'll probablynotice your main grape vine leafing out already. You're gonna see something like this. See,it's a new little leaf growing out of the

node on one of the cuttings I've already made.And it's gonna keep growing and develop a root system and the leaves will get bigger.And eventually, you'll have a cutting that's like THIS. SeeƩ It's forming new leaves oneach of the nodes. And so you just leave it in those pots, and the roots will start toform in the pot. I would recommend leaving it in for at least a whole season, about ayear, before actually transplanting it to the garden, just to make sure it's well established. If you notice that your grape vine cuttingis starting to leaf out, and it's well before your last frost date, and you anticipate frost,I would take your cutting inside, because

while the main grape vine may be able to handlethe damage from a late frost, your cutting won't survive, because it's so delicate andstill establishing. So if you notice that, I would take the cutting inside. that'swhat I've been doing. But other than that, once your vine establishes you'll have anotherwhole free grape vine to grow anywhere you please in your yard. And you can even givethem away! I've had about a 75% success rate with this method and I didn't spend anything.I put some compost in a pot, cut some of my vine off just from normal yeartoyear pruning,and not I have more grape vines! Well, I hope you found this short guide usefuland if you did, please consider subscribing

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