Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year
growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth
bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right
near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus
the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds
from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.
Low Calorie Fruit Salad Recipe Cut Grapes for Fruit Salad
Hi, I'm Erica with Expert Village and I'mtalking about how to prepare a low calorie delicious fruit salad. So the way we're goingto cut up these grapes we're just going to simply cut them in halves. It may sound tidiestto you but again like I said it's going to be worth it because they're very tasty andit gives a very crunchy flavor to the low calorie fruit salad. So once you chopped up 2 cups of grapes andremember that they're red grapes that really distinguishes the flavor and you're also goingto add them to the bowl of extra fruit. That will complete your fruit items for the deliciouslow calorie fruit salad.
Healthy Raw Food Recipes Preparing Grapes for a Fruit Salad
Hello everyone, my name is Matt Fuller andthis is Denise Bennet, my partner. We are the proud facilitators of the Light and LoveCafe. We are here on behalf of the Expert Village. The last thing that we are goingto do just for a little added color and flair is we're going to take some of these red grapes,putting into my hand. What I have learned is that you don't always have to use a lotof everything in a dish. If you have one little piece of something that added some color,it's great. I'm going to take these grapes and all I'm going to do is simply cut themin half. That's it. There's a grape cut in half, then I am going to beautifully set theseright on top just for a wonderful contrast
of color. And, right there, the reason thatI chose not to put that one on is that some of the grapes have a more vibrant red colorand I do like to well, just for me, I like to use the more beautiful bright colors, especiallywhen I am trying to come up with a contrasting color. Let's see if I can find a beauty. Therewe go. All right. I don't know what you think but I love it and I am proud of it and itlooks great to me and I'm going to be enjoying it shortly with my friends here. I do thankyou so much for coming and enjoying this time with me and I hope that you have had fun andI hope that you feel like it's not too difficult to come up with something so beautiful andso tasty.