Grape Wine Varieties

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

Wine Making Tips Grape Varieties in Wine Making

Welcome to the Gundel Winery. I am here onbehalf of Expert Village. I am Joel Carmen, representing Gundel Winery since nineteenninetyeight. I am responsible for managing the Winery and also responsible for wine making.I'm really glad to work here because to work in Tokai, and also Moet, which is the heartof the Tokai wine region. It's fantastic. So many times I feel like to come to visitus, please do it. you'll be real glad to host you and we'll spare no efforts to please youin every way. You will be very well come, and you can taste Gundel's wine and also thewines of different other wineries. And you will have a fantastic time in the Tokai wineregion. We are here at the wine, where we

produce two great varieties. One is the HatchRevolut, and the other one is the Full Mint. These two types are ancient Hungarian greatvarieties. And the most important varieties here in Tokai. These grapes give the basewine of the World Famous Tokai Assu.

Pinot Noir Wine Pinot Noir Grape Varieties

Hi, I'm Mark Middlebrook, I'm here in thePaul Marcus Wine cellar, and in this segment I'm going to talk about Pinot Noir the elegantgrape variety. Pinot Noir, it simply means black Pinot in French, and it's one of thefamily of Pinot; Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, other Pinots of part of the same family, butPinot Noir is certainly the best known, especially since the movie Sideways, which rocketed tofame. Here at Paul Marcus Wines we sold Pinot Noir, mainly in the guys of Red Burgundy,French Pinot Noir, for quite a while, but we seen lots more people coming in askingabout it. It's a great variety, but above all, it's about elegance, it's not about poweror darkness of color, or richness or tannin

or any of the things you might associate withsome other red wines. It's about elegance, often ethereal, sometimes frustrating flavorsand aromas, it's one of the temperamental lines to make and to grow and also to drinkbecause it'll one month be asleep in the bottle, and the next month taste gloriously. So whetheryou're drinking Pinot Noir from Bourgongne, like this one, or from Oregon, like this BrooksPinot Noir, which has really wonderful tier war for Pinot, or this Handley Cellars PinotNoir from California. You really want to be after elegance. Nice light color, again, nicebeautiful aromas, and more subtle elegance, sometime ethereal flavors, that's Pinot Noir.

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