Grape Vineyards In Tennessee

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

A Toast to Tennessee Wine Festival Tennessee Crossroads

(muzak music) Before Prohibition,Tennessee's fertile soil was used to grow grapes to make wine. Of course all that changedfor several decades until the early 1980's. Well now Tennessee's making wine again and we took in a festival that celebrated with a toast to Tennessee.

(jazz music) Tennesseeis famous worldwide for its sour mash whiskey. But since the 1980's wine has been quickly gaining ground. The Tennessee wineindustry is alive and well. It's doing very well. Winerieshave been popping up

all over the state. Several have earned nationaland international awards. We have won more than450 in the 22 years that we've been a commercial winery and we've won some very big awards. We're very very pleased to, as I say, play with the bigboys and come away winning. While you can enjoy

tasting tours at mostof the states' wineries, this Toast to Tennessee wine festival at Nashville Shores bringsthe wineries to you. It's a fundraiser for the MtJuliet Chamber of Commerce that's also raising awareness of a growing wine making industry. Most folks don't knowthat there are nearly 30 wineries in the state of Tennessee

and we have 22 of them here today. If you talk to people about wine and the wine industry, you know, they will name California and New York and Washington state and Oregon as the, you know, the top wine producingregions in our country. But Tennessee makes some fantastic wine

both from locally grown crops and from crops brought in from other states. You know, your whites don't need to be freezing cold, let them come out put them on your counterfor about 10 minutes and then pour them. Voicemail John Sloanorganized the annual event where visitors can enjoysamples of Tennessee wines

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