Grape Vine Vitis Vinifera

Growing Grapes in Texas Jim Kamas Central Texas Gardener

I love Tait Moring's sense ofgardening style. Thanks so much for opening your gates for us. Right now we're going to talk aboutgrowing grapes. One of the hottest topics here in Texas because of all the wineries. We have Jim Kamas with us. It's great to have you back on theprogram. Welcome. Thanks, Tom, I appreciate it. Welcome back to Central Texas Gardener. You've just published a great new bookGrowing Grapes in Texas.

Congratulations on that! Thanks a lot. It took a couple years to get done, but I'm I'm pretty happy with it. Well you know, like I said, it's a hottopic. A lot of people are very interested in growing grapes in their backyard. Maybe one ofthose famous table grapes, like Concord or something like that. Well Concord ispretty tough to grow here. Concord likes acid soils which we don'thave. And it's much more adapted a cooler climates. If you wanted to grow Fredonia or some of the other lebrusca types, they'll work, but

Concord is a pretty tough one to grow here. Ok, well your book is filled with tips aboutvarieties and things like that. Let's focus on that home grower. You know , I know for example I go out to hillcountry every now and again to go to Fredericksburg, places around there. And I see wineries springing up like mushrooms now. And it kinda makes me wanna grow grapeshere in town. What does a home gardner need to know to get startedé Well if you're a homeowner and you want to grow enough vines to produce a little bit of wine

my advice is plant what you like. If you're planting a commercial vineyards we're going to have a very different discussion. But if you like Merlot, plant Merlot. If you like Syrah, plant Syrah. For smallscale, you have no big economicinvestment, so plant what you like and go with that. Yeah okay, that makes sense. In terms of the space needs, the sun,

all those kinds of things, grapes arerather particular and disease prone. Yes. So let's give people an idea of whatthe basics are that they would need to have any kind of success. Sure. Commercially our rows are spaced nine to ten feet apart, but in the backyard if you are maintaining the row centers with alawnmower or something, you can place the rows as close as six feet apart.And you can also go as tight as five to six feet between vines. You can put a lot of vines in arelatively small space.

So small space is OK. When we talk about the rows, we are talking about providing structures on which the the vines can grow and supportthemselves. Yes, a lot of times in California you'll see these free standing vines that are called head pruned vines. They don't do very well here because we need to keep our vines up off the ground because it rains here duringthe summer and they are very disease prone as you mentioned.

Japanese Wine Koshu Grape

Welcome to Underneath The Bottle I am Michael, and today we are going to talk about grapes. quot;What kind of grapeséquot; You are askingé We are going to talk about Koshu! Koshu is this grape from Japan. It is a Vitis Vinifera. quot;What is thatéquot; You may ask. That is a grape that comes from Europe.

So by saying it is a Vitis Vinifera, a European grape variety. It means it came from there. Righté So, we are talking a thousand years ago. They took it from.ehh. Caau.ca.sus.é So they took it from Cokeausus Cockasus.é cucusususus.

*blaming on the latin language* Which is Georgia, Armenia, Iran and Turkey those kind of places It came from there a thousand years ago then brought it through the silk road, China. and then it established here in Japan. Meanwhile, thousand years later, here we are. the grape variety has adapted to the environment

it was rediscovered in the Yamanashi Prefecture It is the same region where you can find Mt.Fuji .and fun fact for you! I have climbed Mt. Fuji! Koshu is also very light, Delicate I have it in my glass right here It is a really pale looking grape in the glass Personally, I like it

Because it is so polished and clean that is it's uniqueness I'd say it really reflects the Japanese culture and flavors and by saying that is that they have a really clean palate they don't like too complicated things *wine mouth mumble* Koshu makes crisp, acidic and nice wines

As I said, they are delicate typically, low on alcohol So when I am tasting this, I am getting like. Nashi pear It is like a hybrid between apple and pear sometimes it gets a little floral tones citrus minerality

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