Grape Vine Nutrition Deficiency

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

Grapevine Dental Care Full Mouth Restoration Testimonial

When did you start coming to us to help you with your teethé Over a year ago, I think. Just, probably, a year and a few months. So why did you need dental helpé I had healthy teeth for a very long time and then my teeth started to wear real bad from grinding. I was diagnosised with real bad TMJ, and from also just nutritional deficiencies and other things.

And so when my enamel went my bite was terrible, I was in a lot of pain. And the first reason is that it just looked terrible. And it actually affected not only I mean I couldn't just keep my mouth closed because you could see that my jaw wasn't shutting right. There were many reasons, and I couldn't eat. I couldn't eat normal. So I actually was returned to the baby food aisle

at the ripe age of 30. Which was kind of silly. So, what were you looking to have happen as an end resulté I couldn't even really fathom it but I would have liked to have had a regular bite, teeth that functioned well and be able to reside at the end of the night and not have a constant ache in my jaw joints and such. From everything wiggling around awkwardly.

That's what I was hoping for. And to be able to just not have people say, quot;Hey, we're taking a picture, be sure to do a 'no teeth' smile.quot; Yeah, that was something that became all too common. Tell us about the process, and what you currently have as an end result. Well, Coats was very adamant about making sure that we're going to not just put pretty whities all over with sharp ends, and send me off. But, make sure that my jaw was going to be closing properly.

And so what we did is we took a lot of different measurments and to do that we used some different devices and we took and what we'd do is we'd use temporaries. And put something like a casting and we put those across the teeth. And we kind of experimented and adjusted and saw how my muscles would adapt.

Instead of just throwing things on there and just assuming and telling the muscles, quot;Hey, hang out with that.quot; So we were aware of any problems. We watched out and saw how the body would receive it, and what we needed to do to finally construct those permanent crowns and to them all around to hold things properly. So there were probably three, I think Three main stages.

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