Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year
growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth
bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right
near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus
the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds
from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.
How to use Neem Oil Spray to organically control insects and pests
hello everyone and welcome to anotherepisode of California Gardening Today we're gonna see how to use Neem Oil to control pests on corn silks as well as some othervegetables so it's a nice organic way to controlpests and insects in your garden in your vegetable garden, flower garden any where you'd like it So hope you enjoy this tutorial
So all you need is some Neem oilconcentrate that you can find at any home improvement stores or your local garden store and you'd also need A gallon sprayer to mix water as well as the Neem Oil that you can spray on your plants so when you start spraying the oil, make sure you spray and get all the the (corn) silk area wet the corn silks are very susceptible to pests of all sorts, so make sure you spray it well so that it just starts dripping
around the leaves as well that shouldgive you a nice even layer of Neem around your plants and make sure you get the entire plan wet just look for all the corn silks that have formed the small ones, the big ones and you'll alsonotice that while you're spraying everything that drips around the plantis gonna keep the the edges as well as the the insides of the plant very free from pests.And take your time in spraying
properly you don't want to hurry up in this Step.Make sure you get the entire plant wet as well as I even try to spray the stems and the roots a little bit so just make sure you go or the entireplants and spray it pretty well you know once again Neem is a reallygood organically to control pests its I think one of the most amazing inventions ever so for me
Neem works most of the time it works really well but if you'll feel you need something else in addition I would suggest Spray with Neem Oil for about once in about 15 days and if you still feel you need some more if you still see insects, you can use anotherorganic pesticide called Spinosad which I will probably cover in another tutorial you can also use Neem Oil to spray allyour other veggies
I'm spraying eggplants here. I planted these 3 eggplants in 1 whiskey barrel And it's great to grow them in whiskey barrels. Eggplants grow really well You can plant up to three and the Neem Oil does a good job of keepingall the critters away. So hope you enjoyed this tutorial and I'll see you next time!.