Caring for Young Grape Vines
My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied
up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be
pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the
growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.
This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,
to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.
Basics of a Grapevine Trellis
I'm Lee Tyre with the Northampton CountyCooperative Extension Service, and we're going to talk about constructing grape vine trellises. A grape trellis is a structure that holds the vines off the ground, allowing sunlight inevenly, and making management and harvesting of the grapes easier. There are several different types oftrellises. What we've constructed here today is a very simple one, what's called a â€œhighcordon grape trellisâ€�. The grapes we are training to the trellis today are an Americantype, and they prefer to grow downward. So
what we've done, is we are going to trainthe cordons, the heavy limbs of the grape vine,along the top wire here, and as they grow, they'll send laterals downward. And we'llprobably come in later and add a second wire, here below it. As you can see here, older, mature vines canbecome quite large, putting a good deal of strain on the trellis. Since we want thesestructures to last for a long time construction materials is an importantconsideration. You want to make sure you use materials that are resistant to decay, andcan support the weight of mature vines.
Once you have selected your materials, it'stime to begin construction. When setting your end posts, make sure they are anchored well.With a short trellis, this could be a 4â€� by 4â€� post sunk 2 to 3 foot into a clay soil. With longer runs, or looser soils, settingthe posts in concrete or additional bracing may be required. With a long enough run, evenvery large posts like this one require extra bracing to help support the load. Of course, the last main part of a trellis is the wire. Again, you want to select a heavyenough wire to support your vine for years
to come. In addition to the wire, think about adding a device to allow you to adjust thetension on the wire easily. Wires will sag with time, and something like a fence linetensioner, a turnbuckle, or other devices, will allow you to quickly, and easily adjustthe tension on your vine.
Hog Panels Make the Best Trellis for Growing Vertical in a Raised Bed Garden
This is John Kohler from growingyourgreens and in another exciting episode for you today we are outside Friedman's home improvement,this is a local home improvement store like a hardware store, but they also carry somefarm supplies out in their yard. So what I'm gonna do today is go into their yard and showyou some of the specific, specifically some of the things they're selling in the farmsupply area, that can help you grow more food at home. One of the things I'm going to besure to cover is trellising. Now I use many kinds of trellising, from bamboo trellises,string trellises, nylon string trellises, welded wire trellises and even utility panelsand prior few other things I'm not thinking
of, tree branches, there's many things youcan use and what I'm gonna show you guys today is galvanised stock panels, or also calledutility panels, that are probably in my opinion, right at the top of of the list, because theyare very long lasting, durable, and will provide you with many years of service and also workwell. So in any case, let's go ahead and head in to the yard and show you some of thesecool things, that can help you grow more food at home. Now we're gonna go to the Express yard andthey may have some different things out in the Express yard than they normally have ina regular hardware store and let's see if
they have those utility panels. So here arethe hog panels, also called stock panels or utility panels, now I'm lucky the hardwarestore here carries and what most hardware stores may not, and you may have to go tolike a farm and ranch supplies store, maybe a tractor supplies store. And they have likefour different kinds here, so we're gonna quickly go over each one. This one's calleda hog panel, and this one is $26,99 and 16ft by 34'' and you can see, lift this up, thisthing is quite long and the thing about this panel is as you get closer to the bottom youcan see that spacing is a lot closer. So, you know, this may be good for hogs or littlesmall animals which can't get through the
smaller spacing and as it gets, you know,higher up on a panel, this fencing get bigger. You know, well, this will work for plantsbecause they don't care, I'd much rather have a uniform look, so I'd rather use those overhere, so what I use in my trellis, is a 4'' by 4'', a high five panel, and this is 16ftby 5ft so this is actually quite long, so strap this onto the jeep to get it home, andI can pick this guy up and this one is actually nice and uniform, a four inch square on thesize of the holes and this is one large sheet, so you know, well, this is $50 you can cutthis down into several smaller pieces to make a nice trellis that literally gonna last along time in your garden without any additional
support, you know you may need some Nrailsdepending on how tall you wanna get. This one is about $50. Let's say check out theother side and see the other two panels that they have available here. Here are the lasttwo panels, they have a what's called the combo panel thirteen line, now when they werefertile lines, that means that how many basically wires or bars are going down, so I'm gonacount these, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve,thirteen. So you can see here, once again, this panel has the small ones on the bottomand then as you go up, they progressively get wider, going out, this panel is 16ft byabout 50'' and that is $37.99. You know, I
don't see too much of a functionality forgrowing plants with that one, but what I actually prefer, if you are on a really tight budget,instead of a nice 4x4 stock panel, try and go with this one. This is a ten line, 50''wide by 16ft line, this one is $23.99, so this is definitely the best deal, and youknow, most of these spacing on the holes here are pretty uniform, which is definitely reallygood, except maybe down to the the last two, it gets a little bit smaller. And that beingsaid, the spacing on these panels, you know it is a little bit larger between there, that,I don't know, approximately, from looking, 6''x8'', so I much rather prefer the 4''x4''spacing, altough that panel is, you know,