Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry
Last January, January 6ththe official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures.Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zerowhere it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines.And we've never experienced any damage like this before.And we've never we really didn't know the extentof the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn't see anybuds developing and even some of thetrunks cracked.
But the impact of that was dramaticwe have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, PinotNoir, Cabernet Franc, Rieslingand without any grapes, we were forced to buya lot of grapes. But it's had a huge impactas far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine losswhich is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyardsthat will have to be replaced from the ground up
with new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out.So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars.Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio Stateone of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes.So really that's one of my expertise in this fieldof learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general.After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not onlyassess
the damage but also how to deal with the vinesthat are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just toshow them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes wayback in the 1980'sWe've had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the wineryand in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Damiour research stems lately from the cold winter vortexwhere we've had a lot of the vines killed and damagedfrom the minus twenty degree temperatures.
Current research is kind of involved tothe extent of the damage to determine the actual damage andto have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prunethese injured vines. We have not had temperatures that coldsince 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growershave not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help uskind of figure out what's the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.
Hog Panels Make the Best Trellis for Growing Vertical in a Raised Bed Garden
This is John Kohler from growingyourgreens and in another exciting episode for you today we are outside Friedman's home improvement,this is a local home improvement store like a hardware store, but they also carry somefarm supplies out in their yard. So what I'm gonna do today is go into their yard and showyou some of the specific, specifically some of the things they're selling in the farmsupply area, that can help you grow more food at home. One of the things I'm going to besure to cover is trellising. Now I use many kinds of trellising, from bamboo trellises,string trellises, nylon string trellises, welded wire trellises and even utility panelsand prior few other things I'm not thinking
of, tree branches, there's many things youcan use and what I'm gonna show you guys today is galvanised stock panels, or also calledutility panels, that are probably in my opinion, right at the top of of the list, because theyare very long lasting, durable, and will provide you with many years of service and also workwell. So in any case, let's go ahead and head in to the yard and show you some of thesecool things, that can help you grow more food at home. Now we're gonna go to the Express yard andthey may have some different things out in the Express yard than they normally have ina regular hardware store and let's see if
they have those utility panels. So here arethe hog panels, also called stock panels or utility panels, now I'm lucky the hardwarestore here carries and what most hardware stores may not, and you may have to go tolike a farm and ranch supplies store, maybe a tractor supplies store. And they have likefour different kinds here, so we're gonna quickly go over each one. This one's calleda hog panel, and this one is $26,99 and 16ft by 34'' and you can see, lift this up, thisthing is quite long and the thing about this panel is as you get closer to the bottom youcan see that spacing is a lot closer. So, you know, this may be good for hogs or littlesmall animals which can't get through the
smaller spacing and as it gets, you know,higher up on a panel, this fencing get bigger. You know, well, this will work for plantsbecause they don't care, I'd much rather have a uniform look, so I'd rather use those overhere, so what I use in my trellis, is a 4'' by 4'', a high five panel, and this is 16ftby 5ft so this is actually quite long, so strap this onto the jeep to get it home, andI can pick this guy up and this one is actually nice and uniform, a four inch square on thesize of the holes and this is one large sheet, so you know, well, this is $50 you can cutthis down into several smaller pieces to make a nice trellis that literally gonna last along time in your garden without any additional
support, you know you may need some Nrailsdepending on how tall you wanna get. This one is about $50. Let's say check out theother side and see the other two panels that they have available here. Here are the lasttwo panels, they have a what's called the combo panel thirteen line, now when they werefertile lines, that means that how many basically wires or bars are going down, so I'm gonacount these, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve,thirteen. So you can see here, once again, this panel has the small ones on the bottomand then as you go up, they progressively get wider, going out, this panel is 16ft byabout 50'' and that is $37.99. You know, I
don't see too much of a functionality forgrowing plants with that one, but what I actually prefer, if you are on a really tight budget,instead of a nice 4x4 stock panel, try and go with this one. This is a ten line, 50''wide by 16ft line, this one is $23.99, so this is definitely the best deal, and youknow, most of these spacing on the holes here are pretty uniform, which is definitely reallygood, except maybe down to the the last two, it gets a little bit smaller. And that beingsaid, the spacing on these panels, you know it is a little bit larger between there, that,I don't know, approximately, from looking, 6''x8'', so I much rather prefer the 4''x4''spacing, altough that panel is, you know,
Growing melons vertically on a trellis the Square foot gardening way
Alright! John Kohler with growingyourgreens .And check out what are we looking at hereé I'm gonna back up a little bit and you cansee the full creation. So originally we had these hoops and that's for making you knowin the winter time we could put plastic over it so we'll have like a nice greenhouseeffect, in the summer time we could put either a shade cloth over it or basically some someclear or white fabric to prevent bugs and to get into the plants but still allowingthe sun in. And so I had an idea to make a trellis basically using the hoops so we couldbasically take off this trellis. Um, we didn't glue it together we could take off this trellis,take it out and then in the winter time we
could just still use the hoops part of this.So we did we have basically um nylon trellis material they sell at the garden store. Andit's uh, basically comes in a package it's 30 feet by 10 feet and so we used one wholepiece so that's 300 square feet of trellis area in this interesting design. So we havea hoop with both sides actually have the nylon trellis material. Then we have a pole in thecenter going all the way down and then it goes all the way up. So that's 300 squarefeet. So now the reason why we did that is because normally we planted all melons herewhen we planted melons with 12 inch spacing. Normally melons will make a big vine and sinceI â€˜m doing a square foot garden or biointensive
style I don't have a whole lot of spacesince I have a standard residential house so I need to grow up and need utilize airspace that plants normally wouldn't grow in. So what this means is a little extra labor.So you could see this plant is starting to vine out and I could lift it up here and it'syou know getting kind of big. So the goal is to once they get big enough we'll getthem on this trellis and we'll either clip them or tie them to the trellis and trainthem up and train then to grow on this trellis. So hopefully another episode you'll seethis whole trellis covered in green and hopefully you'll see it covered in green and thenalso you'll see it covered in green with
fruits hanging down. Now you know this materialis nylon basically and it's actually quite strong. We did tie them with tie wraps onthe end there. And um, it's pretty sturdy. I wouldn't have gone straight up if I wasjust doing a straight up trellis I wouldn't have gone this high using PBC I would'veused something like electrical conduit, but the reason that we did it this way is becausewe had these hoops. So with the hoop there's an arch as you know an arch is uh, can carrya lot of weight so the old uh, in the olden times Romans and what not they made archesto hold up buildings and what not so I mean the arch is pretty strong so it gives somerigidity to this um, to this frame. So we're
going to see if this works, hopefully overthe summer time. You know I love trying new things definitely looks interesting in thefront yard. I get a lot of people stopping to check out what I have growing here. Soyou could see the uh, front yard garden here just an overview. I think the last bed toget planted out is the first one. And this one I'm doing more of a traditional squarefoot garden and this will be another episode. So, John Kohler with Growing Your Greens,growing melons up a nylon trellis made with PBC, uh half inch PVC tubing. And uh, we'llsee you next time.