Four Arm Kniffin System for Growing Grapes
David Handley: I'm David Handley, vegetableand small fruit specialist with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension. Today we'regoing to be talking about a simple system for pruning hardy grapes here in Maine. The pruning system I like to use is very simple.It keeps the plant open, so it gets light in the summer time, but it also protects theplant a little bit in the winter. This system works best with concord type or labrusca typegrapes, which are the grapes that tend to grow best in Maine. There's really a couple of systems that willwork well for labrusca type grapes. The first
one I want to talk about is the four arm kniffin,and that's what we're going to prune first. The four arm kniffin consists of a perennialtrunk, which goes from the ground right up to a top wire, which is set at about fivefeet. Coming off of this trunk, we will have four arms, or canes, oneyear old growth.Two on the top wire, running each side of the top wire, and two on a lower wire. Thislower wire should be set at about two and a half feet off the ground. Every year, we're going to come in and pruneit so we continue to have a perennial trunk, but only four one yearold trunks to producethe fruit.
Here is our permanent trunk. You can see here,this is a cane from last year. Two yearold cane, this was our fruiting cane last summer,and you can see the difference. Here's this year's cane, that nice chocolate brown colorand smooth bark, and here we go with the older cane, the two yearold cane. The bark is startingto peel, and has more of a gray look to it, so we know that this particular shoot isn'tgoing to fruit again. It's the one yearold shoots that come off it that will fruit. This is going to get pruned out, so that wecan keep our fruiting wood closer to the trunk. We'll just take that back to a good fruitingshoot, and we'll start to cut it out. This
is where it gets fun. We need to wrestle thisout of the trellis, and of course, all these little tendrils have tied it up and aroundmost of the growth that's there. It takes a little bit of cutting, but be careful notto break the fruiting canes that you want to leave behind. Pull it off, and that will open the plantingup so we can see what we have left for good fruiting wood for this year. We've taken offthe four fruiting canes that we left last year, and you can see pretty much all that'sleft, at this point, is the green shoots from last year, that will provide us with goodfruit for this year.
Now we need to choose which four we want toput up. We're going to have four canes. One, two, three, four. Two for the lower wire,two for the upper wire, each heading off in different directions. What I want to look for in this case is canethat's got this nice chocolate brown color, and is about 38 of an inch in diameter. Aboutthe width of your little finger. If it's thinner than that, if it's very weak, it won't producegood fruit. Thin stuff like this, less than 38 of an inch in diameter, we'll just cutthat right out. Here we've got one that's going to go in thisdirection, that looks very nice. I'm going
to count, remember we want about 10 buds onit, so we'll count our buds. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. ThenI just cut out beyond that, because the weaker stuff at the very end isn't going to producevery good fruit. I have my four arms, but you can see I stillhave some leftover canes. What I'm going to use these for are what we call quot;renewal spurs.quot;I'm going to cut these back so that they just have one or two buds on them. What I'm goingto use these buds for, the green shoots that will emerge from these buds and grow out,will be the canes that I'll be putting on the wire next year for fruiting. We call thesequot;renewal spurs.quot;
Fine Art tips on How to Paint Plein Air in New Zealand with John Crump on Colour In Your Life
G'day viewers, my name is Graeme Stevenson and I'd like to invite you to come on a journey of creativity and learning and adventure through the series Colour In Your Life. There's an artist in every family throughout the world, and lots of times there's an artist deep down inside all of us as well. So grab your kids, your brothers, your sisters, your aunties, uncles and mums and dads, and come and see how some of the best artists do what they do.
(Music Plays) G'Day Views and welcome to Colour In Your Life in New Zealand Now the team and I have come over to New Zealand, we're going to be spending a couple of weeks here and we're circumnavigating the South Island of New Zealand to get some of the great artists of New Zealand onto the show. We're going to have a fantastic time and as you can see look at the country, it's just amazing. So we're going to make our way all around the bottom of the South Island and see some of these incredible people
so come along for the ride. It's going to be fantastic. Well g'day viewers and welcome back to Colour In Your Life. We are in a beautiful little town called Glenorchy, in the South Island of New Zealand, up the road from Queenstown with a gentleman named Mr. John Crump. John, welcome to the show. Thank you. Great to be here. John, without a doubt, is probably one of the foremost landscape artists that this country has. His work is so amazingly iconic when it comes to capturing the beauty, the absolute magnificent beauty, of New Zealand, and as we go through the show you're obviously going to see. We're going to be doing some plein air painting with you todayé
Yep. Now, in our discussions over the phone you were telling me at one stage, obviously you started out your career, forty years now that you've been doing this as a professional artist, but at one stage you were actually working in a studio. Yes. One of your directors said something to you about â€˜you know what, you need to get outside'. That's right. Tell me a bit about that. Well I was exhibiting with a gallery in Wellington, and the owner Gordon said to me one time â€˜your
paintings are starting to look formulaic, you knowé Yeah. You're doing the same thing too often. So he arranged for an Australian artist to take me out painting. Okay. A fella who was committed to plein air work, Les Campbell, and he was a good painter, we went away on a trip together. For the first part of that trip it was a nightmare. Yeahé I just couldn't catch up and I was too slow. He would be whistling away and happy as, finishing off his work,
and I was still getting started. Laughs Cause I was so used to taking my time. But you're used toâ€¦ sorryâ€¦ But I remember that month I sped up, and I discovered that my work was getting better and better outdoors. Okay. I'd almost been scared of outdoors. I'd tried it once. The easel blew away and the painting with it, and it wasn't working. Yeah.