Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Grapes are a beautiful edible landscapeplant, as well as producing delicious fruit. Today I'm going to plant a new grapevine. If you're not ready to plant your grapesas soon as they arrive, that's ok, you can heel them in. You can either dig a shallow trench, put the grape vines in and cover the roots with soil, or you can do like I've done and put the roots in a bucket, cover them with soil and protect themwith a little bit of straw.
Grapes are tolerant of a wide variety of soils, but it is important to check with your Master Gardener or local ag extension to find out what varieties will do best in your climate. Your site selection should be in fullsun with a southern exposure, away from trees. And avoid depressions where cool air can collect. Ideally, preparation for planting yourgrapes will start the year before with a soil test and an appropriate cover crop. Grapes like moderate fertilityand a pH of about 5.5 7. In most climates you can plant grapes in late winter or early spring.
For northern climates you might want towait until a little bit later in the spring. Just dig a hole the same size as theroots and don't add any fertilizer. You don't want to get more leaves than fruit! Soak the roots of your grapevine forabout 2 to 3 hours before planting, and then you can prune off any damaged roots. But it's important to leave as much of the root system as possible. Make sure that the roots are loose andnot clumped together. The hole should be deep enough to plantthe vine to the same level it was planted before,
with a few inches of soilover the longest roots. Gently back fill the soil with thetopsoil first. And if it hasn't rained recently make sure and give your plant some water. You want to train your newly plantedlittle grapevine to grow into a big grapevine with a straight single trunk reaching the trellis. In order to do that we're going to prune this plant so that it has one straightish cane. By the second year you need some kind of a support system. This two wire support system is very common and easy to build.
To train your grapevine to grow straight upto the trellising, you may need to do a temporary supportlike bamboo and then just tie it togetherwith a little twine or some tape. These are flame grapes, so I'll betraining them to a bilateral cordon. That is I want a nice straight trunk. And then I'll choose two buds that will be trained into big, permanent branches on either side of the trunk. It's really important to tag your plants.I use these permanent zinc plant tags
its really important to know what variety you have so that you can prune appropriately. Whether you have a big vineyard or you'vejust planted a few grape vines, grapes will benefit from cover cropping. So get ready for winter pruning,and Grow Organic for Life!.
SC Agriculture and Clemson Public Service Activities
Our state is famous for sweet, juicy peachesand has one of the largest peach orchards in the nation. But did you know we also havethe only tea plantation in North Americaé Our major row crops are soybeans, cotton,peanuts and tobacco. But we also produce Carolina Gold rice, muscadine grapes and collards ournew state vegetable. We have one of the largest sod production operations in the South. Andmore than 450 golf courses. Our cattlemen are adopting foragefed beefpractices; and our poultry industry produces more than 250 million birds each year. Our nursery industry supports some of theoldest public gardens in the U.S.; and our
forestland goes from blackwater swamps toChristmas treefarms.
Peach Picks for South Carolina 5 Honey Blaze Everything About Peaches
Hey, I'm Desmond Layne, Peach Specialist atClemson University. Welcome to the Clemson Tiger Peach Network. Today is June 23, 2011 and we're in the secondseason of quot;Everything About Peachesquot;. This summer's series is called quot;Peach Picks forSouth Carolinaquot;. Every week throughout the entire growing season we are going to be featuringthose cultivars that perform the very best in quot;The Tastier Peachquot; state. We are here at my variety test block at JamesCooley's Farm in Chesnee, SC. Last time we featured a whitefleshed nectarine calledSnow Queen. This time, we are featuring a
yellowfleshed nectarine called Honey Blaze!Honey Blaze was developed by Zaiger Genetics in Modesto, California. It was patented in1998 and the patent is still valid which means you can only buy it through licensed nurseriesand there will be a royalty fee associated with the cost of those trees. Honey Blaze is a yellow, subacid nectarine.Although it's very sweet, it doesn't have the typical quot;tanginessquot; that we associatewith a Southern peach. Yellowfleshed, subacid nectarines aren't all that common yet in themarketplace but they may be especially appealing to people of Asian or Hispanic descent whoparticularly like lowacid type fruits.
In our Clemson University research trialsover the last 4 years, the performance of Honey Blaze has been very good. The only negativeis that it seems to be a little bit more susceptible to brown rot than some of the peach cultivarsthat ripen at the same timeframe. However, it typically ripens between the middle ofJune and the end of June depending on where you are located in the state. As a nectarine, you first notice that HoneyBlaze has no fuzz. It has smooth skin. Honey Blaze typically has very good size averagingfrom 2 to 3 inches in diameter. It has a nice uniform, round shape and a very attractivered overcolor (or blush). When you cut through
the skin into the flesh you can see that hasbeautiful yellow color. Honey Blaze fruits are typically firm and meaty. The flesh hasa mild, sweet taste. When eaten at a firm ripe stage, they can be crunchy like an apple.Some consumers really like this. Although Snow Queen was an excellent eatingexperience, let's see what Honey Blaze tastes like. You hear that crunché Now look atthe juice, you can see that its' juicy and hear that its crunchy. That distinguishesit from a lot of things that we've tried already this season and that's one of the unique attributes.Its' firm, juicy, extremely sweet and its' a delicious eating experience. That's whatyou're looking for!
Why don't you join us next week when we'llfeature another quot;Peach Pick for South Carolinaquot;. You know, being a peach specialist is a roughjob, but somebody's got to do it! For more educational tutorials and informationabout peaches, you should check out my quot;Everything About Peachesquot; website at clemson.edupeach.And if you would like to read my columns for the American Fruit Grower magazine, you canfind them at their website at growingproduce .