Grape Propagation From Seed

Home Vineyard Growing Wine Grapes at Home

Hello and welcome to my home vineyard Let's get a lay of the land. As you can see thisis just a simple side yard it's got about 55 feet of space long twentysix feet of space wide we elected to go with twenty twofoot long rows northsouth facing uh. the rows are spaced about five feet apartto give us ample space for the vines to grow

and for us to manage and walk through we are planting about four plants per row to give it plenty of space to spread out and grow for the rows, we used uh. just simple fenceposts these are eightfoot fence post sunk about threefeet deep we tried to go about two feet deep butit wasn't uh. it just simply wasn't stable enough so we went that extra foot for stability

the wire is fourteen gauge wire uh. we elected to go with the verticaltrellising partly because it was easier and partlybecause uh. the north south facing rows, it allow it to get sun at all hours of the day uh. we have a drip irrigation linesran along the bottom we will be using half gallon per hour drips two per plant that allows us to adjust the water

water flow and manage the irrigation a littleeasier than if we used a heavier flow we'll actually be planting syrah grapes because we tend to be in a warmer, drier climateduring the summer doing something like pinot noirwould require greater cooler temperatures. that sort of thing that's our vineyard. We'll be planting the grapes nextweek and we'll come back then.

Seed Germination Scarification Stratification and Soaking

Hi, I'm Tricia, and organic gardener. Starting plants from seed can be a lot of fun, however it can also be tough, because some plants have seeds that are hard to germinate. Today I'm going to give you some tips on how to germinate those tough seeds. Some seeds have characteristics that serve them well in the wild, but can be frustrating for the gardener. I'm talking about dormancy periods, tough seed coats, and even light requirements. There are few different things we can do to increase the chances of germination. Scarification, stratification and soaking.

And all must be done with love in your heart! Scarification is used on seeds that have a tough outer shell, like nasturtium and morning glory. You can think of it as scarring the seed coat to allow in moisture and gases necessary for germination. If you're using the file, you don't want to scratch the seeds too much, just enough that the seeds are dulled and you can see the scratches. If you use the nail clippers, you want a definite knick in the seed coat. Another method of scarification is to put the seeds in very hot, but not boiling water. Put them in the water and then let the water cool down to room temperature,

and then let them soak for another 1224 hours. Plant the seeds immediately after soaking. Some seeds need what is called stratification. This process mimics the natural freeze and thaw cycles that some seeds require in order to germinate. Wildflowers and perennial flowers are often planted in the fall and they may stratify naturally. Or, you can ensure that this process happens with a few simple steps. To stratify the seed, we're just gonna mix it with a little bit of moist, not wet, perlite, vermiculite, or builder's sand. Mix the seed and medium in a plastic bag, you want 1 part seed to 3 parts medium.

Place the bag in the refrigerator, not the freezer, for about 10 12 weeks, and check it every so often to make sure that the medium stays moist. After that period, take the bag out and plant the seeds along with the medium. Be gentle with the seeds, in case any have sprouted. There's scarification, stratification and then there's just plain old soaking of the seeds for about 1224 hours in room temperature water. And seeds like beans, peas and okra benefit a lot from this soaking. Parsley is a special case.

The seeds from parsley are actually coated naturally with a substance that retards germination. It really helps to soak the parsley seeds for 48 hours, and change the water twice. For some seeds, they don't need soaking, they don't need scarring, but the amount of light that they get while they're germinating is important. For example, alyssum needs light to germinate, so it's planted very shallow. On the other hand, fennel will not germinate unless it's in total darkness, so you'll plant it deeper. If you want to learn more about starting your own seeds, I recommend this book quot;The New Seed Starter Handbook.quot;

So start your own seeds, and Grow Organic for Life!.

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