Grape Picking Season California

Four Arm Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, vegetableand small fruit specialist with the University of Maine Cooperative Extension. Today we'regoing to be talking about a simple system for pruning hardy grapes here in Maine. The pruning system I like to use is very simple.It keeps the plant open, so it gets light in the summer time, but it also protects theplant a little bit in the winter. This system works best with concord type or labrusca typegrapes, which are the grapes that tend to grow best in Maine. There's really a couple of systems that willwork well for labrusca type grapes. The first

one I want to talk about is the four arm kniffin,and that's what we're going to prune first. The four arm kniffin consists of a perennialtrunk, which goes from the ground right up to a top wire, which is set at about fivefeet. Coming off of this trunk, we will have four arms, or canes, oneyear old growth.Two on the top wire, running each side of the top wire, and two on a lower wire. Thislower wire should be set at about two and a half feet off the ground. Every year, we're going to come in and pruneit so we continue to have a perennial trunk, but only four one yearold trunks to producethe fruit.

Here is our permanent trunk. You can see here,this is a cane from last year. Two yearold cane, this was our fruiting cane last summer,and you can see the difference. Here's this year's cane, that nice chocolate brown colorand smooth bark, and here we go with the older cane, the two yearold cane. The bark is startingto peel, and has more of a gray look to it, so we know that this particular shoot isn'tgoing to fruit again. It's the one yearold shoots that come off it that will fruit. This is going to get pruned out, so that wecan keep our fruiting wood closer to the trunk. We'll just take that back to a good fruitingshoot, and we'll start to cut it out. This

is where it gets fun. We need to wrestle thisout of the trellis, and of course, all these little tendrils have tied it up and aroundmost of the growth that's there. It takes a little bit of cutting, but be careful notto break the fruiting canes that you want to leave behind. Pull it off, and that will open the plantingup so we can see what we have left for good fruiting wood for this year. We've taken offthe four fruiting canes that we left last year, and you can see pretty much all that'sleft, at this point, is the green shoots from last year, that will provide us with goodfruit for this year.

Now we need to choose which four we want toput up. We're going to have four canes. One, two, three, four. Two for the lower wire,two for the upper wire, each heading off in different directions. What I want to look for in this case is canethat's got this nice chocolate brown color, and is about 38 of an inch in diameter. Aboutthe width of your little finger. If it's thinner than that, if it's very weak, it won't producegood fruit. Thin stuff like this, less than 38 of an inch in diameter, we'll just cutthat right out. Here we've got one that's going to go in thisdirection, that looks very nice. I'm going

to count, remember we want about 10 buds onit, so we'll count our buds. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. ThenI just cut out beyond that, because the weaker stuff at the very end isn't going to producevery good fruit. I have my four arms, but you can see I stillhave some leftover canes. What I'm going to use these for are what we call quot;renewal spurs.quot;I'm going to cut these back so that they just have one or two buds on them. What I'm goingto use these buds for, the green shoots that will emerge from these buds and grow out,will be the canes that I'll be putting on the wire next year for fruiting. We call thesequot;renewal spurs.quot;

The California Garden In May First Tomato Harvest in 4K

it's the spring season and the Californiagarden is alive welcome to the California Gardenin the month of May so let'slook at what is growing in the California garden we have tomatoes, ourtomatoes have grown very well in this month and you can see they've alreadyfromed fruits now I'm going about five varieties of tomatoes this season andwhen you see these flowers emerging make sure that you pollinate them by handmanually so that you can get a lot more fruit as you can see here now some ofyou have asked me a question and that's since tomatoes are windpollinated do you really need to

pollinate them by hand well it depends if you have a lot ofwind in your area if you have a lot of bees that are visiting your plants itsok to not hand pollinate them but I just do that because the bee population hasbeen decreasing a lot these days and the only way to ensure that your tomatoplants has fruits is to hand pollinate them now a lot of green houses whichproduce tomatoes harbor bumblebees they actually breed bumble bees forpollination and that is why the toothbrush method that Idescribedin my earlier tutorials

works very well to pollinate tomatoes and as you can see these are the cherrytomatoes and are growing pretty well now they even started ripening and now let's moveon to the pepper plant this plant has been over wintered from the last season this is thechile de arbol pepper plant and you saw an update back in Jan and this plantwasn't growing very well but look at it now it's producing a lot of peppers asyou can see here and as it gets warmer the pepper plant will produce a lot ofpeppers so this is a good cold hardy pepper plant that can be grown easily

and okra seedlings have come up verywell and they're waiting for the weather to get warmer so they can grow to theirfull potential and grapes grapes they've grown pretty big and this is the firsttime we're getting grapes from our grapevine and I'm very excited as Imentioned in my previous episode as well because the grapes were being formedand now you can see that the grapes have gotten quite big and they've grown overthis wooden support the arbor that's there next to the grape plant and the corn has been growing pretty well aswell this variety of corn is the Triple

Crown hybrid variety and is the firsttime I'm trying out this corn variety and so far it's grown pretty well this bedwas enriched with some good organic matter once the cabbages wereharvested from this bed from the earlier season and as you can see herewith a lot of organic matter a lot of compost that was added there these plantsare going pretty well they're getting all the nutrients they want and corn needs a lot of water in the initial stages so make sure you water your conplants very well and another vegetable that's growing in ourgarden right now are carrots

growing in the whisky barrel container as well this5 gallon pot and May is a good time to grow carrots it's neither too warmnor too cold, perfect for carrots we also have bush beans this time I triedgrowing bush beans in this whiskey barrel container and so far they've beendoing well we're already seeing some flowers and some beans being formed andthis is pretty much the perfect weather to grow beans and here you can see some beansbeings being formed the small pods that you see and they will eventually becomelarger in size and coming on to our harvest now we have a lot of vegetablesin May beginning with red potatoes and

The California Garden In July Summer Harvest Month in 4K

in the monthly gardening series oftutorials today we will look at the California garden in the month of julythis month the garden has a lot of summer plantsgrowing and it's one of the best months for harvesting a lot of vegetables this tutorial is divided into four sections we will first take a look at the gardentour we will take a look at the harvest thatwe made we will then take a look at what's growing in the California gardenin the month of july and finally we will

look at some things that you need to do inyour garden this month after harvesting our red onions we planted some emerald okra in this bedand this is the okra that has been growing for a while now and it'sproducing excellent okra pods this is the tomato bed as you can see we're growing a lot ofvarieties of tomatoes and this is what i call my tomato jungle in this bed we had garlic harvested andthen we planted some bush beans

this is our corn bed the Triple Crownhybrid variety and we have had a lot of corn from this bed we then move on to the peppers andeggplant bed which produced a lot of poblano peppers and some deliciouseggplants now let's look at some of the harveststhat we made hyacinth beans we've been growing thesebeans for the past few months now and they're producing very well in July asyou can see here the harvest looks pretty good

these beans are eaten with the pods wholeand it is absolutely delicious we also planted a lot of bush beans infive gallon containers and it was a pretty good option we were able to harvest a lot of bushbeans from these containers for about a month or maybe a bit more but they dostop producing after some time because they are Bush type of beans unlikebeans that are vining beans which produce for a much longer time but forthe space that they use this is a very good option you can plant about threeplants in every five gallon container

and that will produce a lot of beans foryou now let's look at Asparagus beans weposted a tutorial on this last week we showed you how to grow those beans andwe were able to harvest a lot of asparagus beans through the month of julythese beings produce a lot of these long beans also called yard long beans and wewere able to get a great harvest from this container of asparagus beans we also harvested a lot of blueberries we have a small blueberry bush growingin a container

this is the sharp blue variety ofblueberry which produces a small to mediumblueberries and for the most part our blueberries are quite small but they arevery sweet and they're absolutely delicious and a month of July they producea lot of blueberries that can be harvested here you can see the harvest they are freshdelicious and very sweet although summer is not the best seasonfor growing carrots we did plant this atomic red variety ofcarrot in this whiskey barrel container and in the month of July they hadmatured enough to be harvested

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