Grape Growing Ebook

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

Tomato Report Varieties Strategy Harvest Taste Test Recipe Late Bloomer Episode 14

I'm Kaye and I'm a late bloomer. (whistling logo) You know how much I love tomatoes, but this is the last day in July and probably the last week of good production on my tomato vines. I'm gonna take you through my process this year, discuss my strategy,

see how well it worked out, compare my nine varieties on my seventeen vines, we'll do a taste test, and, we're going to make Italian spaghetti sauce, so don't you dare go away, ha, ha. I was determined to do things a a little differently this year,

to save time and energy. For the first time, I had a grow light and heat mat for my seedlings. I planted only eight varieties of tomato seeds in 16 cells. The 8th was Gary O'Sena from my saved seeds.

Now, I seeded these two trays under the grow light with peppers, and tomatoes on the 19th. And, look what we've got here. We've got some germination. They all germinated. (soft acoustic guitar) Here are my tomatoes.

Sixteen. down from about forty the last couple of years. I'm gonna move my tomatoes out into the, uh, temporary greenhouse. I got a greenhouse, which made transitioning

to the outdoors much easier. But, soon, the tomatoes were too tall. Planting in the garden commenced from April 1st to April 15th. All tomatoes went in the ground. No pots. By May 27th, the six tomatoes on the back 40

Bee Hive Update

Hey everybody. I'm still trying to get overa disappointment that we had just two days ago, but let me share it with you and giveyou an update on how the bees are doing. So, there I was, here in the garden puttingon a little bit of bone meal, trying to make sure that the tubers come up nice and plumpand right about here I heard a jet airplane overhead and so I looked up and the sky wasjust full of bees. Everywhere just buzzing, like the whole world was coming to an endand then I noticed over on this cedar tree a bundle of bees and I got so excited andI yelled over and said, quot;Jennifer quick get our bee stuff!quot; And she ran off to go getour jackets and the bucket to capture them

in and in less than a minute I found out thatthe reason all those bees were swarming above head was because the swarm ball was alreadyon it's way out and they flew off somewhere out into the woods. So that's my horror story. We had a swarmand missed it. Didn't realize they were up there in the top of that cedar tree. Couldhave caught them. I've got a bucket with a really long pole. I could have done the BeeBayou shotgun method. I could have sent my daughter up there and she'd have cut themout of the tree if I'd asked her to, she's crazy like that. Could have got them, no questionin my mind we would have captured that swarm,

but just came out at the wrong time. It wasprobably four o'clock in the afternoon. They were probably up there all day. The scoutsfound somewhere to go and they went off in the woods someplace. Now, just in case theyhad found some place that was very close by, we actually went and looked. We walked throughthe woods in the direction it seemed like they flew and spent about a half an hour outthere quietly listening for buzzing, trying to look up in the trees, even looked overat the neighbors pasture and see if maybe they had decided to make a nest in one ofhis pieces of equipment like an old trailer he's got out there, but all that was for naught.We couldn't find them. Chances are they went

a couple miles out, but the good news is,they're still here. It certainly wasn't an absconding. I have not gone in here yet. I'mgoing to give it a few days and let the new queen make her virgin flights and come backin and start working and we'll check the hive after that. These other two boxes, those arejust there waiting for a phone call, waiting for someone to say they've got a swarm forus to come capture, so that's all they are, that's all they're doing over there. And this is a little experiment on a bee waterer.We've been using this for years, for the last couple years and every once in a while you'llsee a bee on the edge of it, but I think they've

found natural sources of water. There's abit of a seasonal creek bed down at the very bottom of the ravine in the woods there aswell as a culvert down by the driveway and I think that's where they're getting theirwater from, because they don't really come over this way very much, but I saw this onFacebook and I wanted to give it a try, so if it works out and I ever actually see beesfeeding on it, I'll show you guys how I went about doing it. Never a dull moment. So I've been stung onetime since we've been keeping bees and it was through my bee suit. I had pulled my suittaught bending over and a bee got me through

the suit. I sit out here all the time on thatchair that's tipped over right now so that it doesn't collect rain water and watch thebees all of five feet away. Brandon's out here watching me shoot tutorials and he getsstung in the hand. That poor kid, he can't win I swear. Well anyway, I hope you all enjoyed an updateon the bees. With any luck, in a few weeks the Chinese privet should come in and thatis when nectar production's really going to ramp up so we're excited to see how thingsare going. I really, really, really wanted to have a couple more hives set up beforethe privet came into bloom, but apparently

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