Garden Grape

Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year

growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth

bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right

near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus

the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds

from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.

Prairie Yard Garden Growing Grapes

(gentle music) Prairie Yard Garden is a production of the University of Minnesota Morris in cooperation with Pioneer Public Television. Closed captioning is provided by Mark and Margaret YackelJuleen in honor of Shalom Hill Farm, a nonprofit rural education retreat center in a beautiful

prairie setting near Windom in southwestern Minnesota. Shalom Hill Farm, shalomhill Did you hear that a new crop is appearing on the prairieé Growing grapes has created an interest among a few individuals who like the challenge of adapting it to our region. Join me on Prairie Yard Garden as we visit a vineyard to learn about the process and challenges

of growing grapes on the prairie. (soft lighthearted music) A new crop has appeared on the prairie: growing grapes And today I have Florian Ledermann with me who's been involved with the process for the last four to five years. Florian welcome to the show and tell me, how did you get interested in growing grapesé ^We got interested actually at the

University of Morris's Horticultural Night. We sat down in a tent and learned that the university just released four new varieties of grapes that are actually coldhardy. And before that, I always kind of figured grapes were the crop that just kind of came up and never really bore and died every winter and died back. So that's what spiked our interest.

And so that very nextspring, we bought five. And they survived and I did a little more research and decided to go with an acre. And a year later, another acre so we ended up with 1,350 vines as a result of that little adventure in Morris. Larry That's interesting. 1,300 vines, how long does it take you

to put all those in the groundé Florian We used family labor. (Florian laughs) So we had, it took us, I think probably when we were planting, it took us about threedays to put one acre in. That would be for the planting. The posts and the trellis system and everything

The California Garden in April Grape Plant Reveal

april is the month of birds singing early spring harvests and a surprise plant reveal which is growing strong so as usual we will begin with thetour of the garden in this monthly series the April garden looks alive these are the red onion sets that weplanted back in December and they are growing very nicely they should be ready forharvest by around the end of summer and and just next to add the onions bed we sowedthe okra seeds in the beginning of April and as you can see here they've alreadysprouted

I have sowed the okra seedsa lot closer than what I did last year I am gonna see howthat works out moving ahead to our side bed it has all the nice leafy greens kaleand Swiss chard growing very well and then on toward our tomato jungle thismonth the tomato plants have grown extremely well as you can see this isthe stage where the plants have grown a lot of leaves and have now started toflower and produce fruits like you see

here I'm growing several different typesof tomatoes this seasonif you've seen my December tutorial I have listed out all thetomato varieties that have been growing you can see your some more cherrytomatoes being formed so this is the optimum weather for tomatoes to start settingfruit you can see this beans plant this is a pole bean called the hyacinthBean which is an interesting variety of Bean and this is the garlic and onion bed and you can see somebody potatoplants actually growing out of the compost that I added to this bed andthis bed also had a lot of carrots that

we just harvested and I'll show youthat very soon these are some bush bean plants as soonas these are done I will grow some cucumbers there and you can see here these cornseedlings that have emerged from this bed this is a new bed that we justcreated and this bed next to that one is the one where we have all our peppersand eggplants I'm growing 2 varieties of eggplants this year and just the poblanopeppers so that's all that we have om the Garden as of April now let's get down tothe details of what exactly happened in April now let's look at some of thebed preparations that we did for the summer

vegetables now I toped of all the raised bedsusing some organic planting soil now you can check your local garden center forsome good deals on organic potting soil this one is from Costco if you have aCostco near your home this is a excellent planting soil mix its organic it hasa lot of good organic matter and what I'm gonna do is just empty this bagonto this raised bed and then try to break down all the pieces now let's look atwhat exactly this contains if you look at the ingredients it has a lot of goodorganic matter and it also has a lot of

nutritional value as listed on the back so you just break down all the mix intothe raised beds and then you can mix it very well now I've advised a lot of my fellowgardeners to make sure that they have their raised beds ready well in advance soif you're adding new soil to your raised beds I would suggest wait for at least two weeksbecause it takes a little bit of time for the organic matter in the soil tobreak down so if you're doing this early the earlier you do the better it is ifyou're starting your raised bed like

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