Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry
Last January, January 6ththe official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures.Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zerowhere it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines.And we've never experienced any damage like this before.And we've never we really didn't know the extentof the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn't see anybuds developing and even some of thetrunks cracked.
But the impact of that was dramaticwe have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, PinotNoir, Cabernet Franc, Rieslingand without any grapes, we were forced to buya lot of grapes. But it's had a huge impactas far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine losswhich is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyardsthat will have to be replaced from the ground up
with new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out.So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars.Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio Stateone of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes.So really that's one of my expertise in this fieldof learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general.After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not onlyassess
the damage but also how to deal with the vinesthat are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just toshow them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes wayback in the 1980'sWe've had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the wineryand in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Damiour research stems lately from the cold winter vortexwhere we've had a lot of the vines killed and damagedfrom the minus twenty degree temperatures.
Current research is kind of involved tothe extent of the damage to determine the actual damage andto have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prunethese injured vines. We have not had temperatures that coldsince 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growershave not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help uskind of figure out what's the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.
Ventura County Nursery Implicated in Sharpshooter Outbreak
Ventura County Nursery Implicated in Sharpshooter Outbreak Marin County Department of Agriculture officials confirmed finding Glassywinged Sharpshooters during a routine agricultural inspection. Wednesday's announcement identified a shipment of nursery plants from Ventura County as the source of the insects. The Glassywinged Sharpshooter feeds on grapevines and almond trees by penetrating plant stems and sucking out fluids and nutrients. This can cause loss of vigor, defoliation and eventual death of plants, vines and trees. The pest can suck two to three hundred times its own weight in plant juices each day from a host. The loss of nutrients and fluids is a particular problem during a drought. According to USDA, that can amount to 10 to 15 gallons of water per day per tree.
We are entering our 5th straight year of drought and the trees are already stressed. Stress makes trees even more attractive to pests. In Central Valley farming areas about to lose all the State water allocations and will not be able to make up the lost liquids. One of the diseases the Sharpshooter carries is Pierce's Disease, a disease fatal to grapes. Marin's Deputy Agricultural Commissioner Stefan Parnay said, quot;There's no cure for that, and it will kill the grapevine.quot; Pierce's disease has had a devastating effect on California grapes for nearly a century. According to the California Department of Food and Agriculture, the glassywinged sharpshooter was first reported in California in 1994. It is native to the southeastern United States and northeastern Mexico.
It feeds on the xylem fluid of a large number of plants. Xylem is the plant 'juice' that carries nutrients and water from the roots to the leaves under the outer bark. In August of 1999, over 300 acres of grapevines infested with the glassywinged sharpshooter were infected with PD and ultimately destroyed. Scientists estimate the host plants for this sharpshooter include over 70 different plant species. Among the hosts are grapes, citrus trees, almonds, stone fruit, and oleanders. Because of the large number of hosts, glassywinged sharpshooter populations are able to flourish in both agricultural and urban areas. Visit the University of California's or Integrated Pest Management page for options, notes and identification of the Glassywinged Sharpshooter.
Backyard Hop Vines Grown Organically 1st Year
Hey there everybody how's it goingé It's Danfrom plantabundance . I just wanted to give you guys a quick update onmy first year hop vines I got growing here in the urban backyard food forest. The hop,known by it's botanical name, 'Humulus lupulus', is a hardy perennial plant which producesannual vines that can grow upwards of 25 ft. in a single season. Under preferable growingconditions similar to those of grapes, you can expect to harvest anywhere from 12 to2 lbs. of dried flowers per plant. The hop varieties that I'm growing here are; 'Nugget','Chinook', 'Willamette' 'Cascade'. they're all midseason varieties that should be attheir peak readiness between August and September.
I ordered these hop rhizomes on a presalefrom TymeGarden and my order arrived right on time in early spring ready for plantingso I would highly recommend that you give them a try if your looking to grow some hops.So this year I will be drying and storing these hops to be used in some future homebrewrecipes and I am really exited about having some nice organic, fresh locally grown hopsto add to my homebrew. so that's the update for today, stay tuned I'll be making anothertutorial shortly showing the harvest of these guys and how I go about drying them out andgetting them ready for storage. Alright everybody, I hope your having a great day planting abundancein your life. I'll be talking to you soon.