Serving Growing Ohios Grape and Wine Industry
Last January, January 6ththe official day of the polar vortex we experienced really damaging temperatures.Anywhere from around twenty below zero to about sixteen below zerowhere it killed the fruiting buds and it killed actual grape vines.And we've never experienced any damage like this before.And we've never we really didn't know the extentof the damage on the vines until April May in that time frame when we didn't see anybuds developing and even some of thetrunks cracked.
But the impact of that was dramaticwe have no crop at all in our vinifera and we grow varieties like Chardonnay, PinotNoir, Cabernet Franc, Rieslingand without any grapes, we were forced to buya lot of grapes. But it's had a huge impactas far as the grape production not to mention the actual wine losswhich is two or three years spanning. Because in some of the vineyardsthat will have to be replaced from the ground up
with new vines we will not get the first crop is three to four years out.So the impact is just dramatic and millions and millions of dollars.Actually in the viticulture program at Ohio Stateone of our focus of the research is cold hardiness of grapes.So really that's one of my expertise in this fieldof learning more about how grapes cope with freezing with cold in general.After this cold event our growers really needed a lot of help in terms of how to not onlyassess
the damage but also how to deal with the vinesthat are damaged. And we conducted a lot of workshops just toshow them how to prune the vines. Our relationship with Ohio State goes wayback in the 1980'sWe've had a long standing relationship with ongoing research in the wineryand in the vineyards. Currently with Imed Damiour research stems lately from the cold winter vortexwhere we've had a lot of the vines killed and damagedfrom the minus twenty degree temperatures.
Current research is kind of involved tothe extent of the damage to determine the actual damage andto have pruning studies done to see what was the best way to prunethese injured vines. We have not had temperatures that coldsince 1994 here and myself and a lot of the grape growershave not experienced this cold damage. So we need research to help uskind of figure out what's the next step and see what our future is in these vineyards.
Tree Plant Care What Time of Year to Plant Grapes
Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen, and in this segment,we're going to answer the question, when is the best time to plant grapesé When is thebest time to plant my grape plantsé Well grape plants are really easy to grow. They're justa vine. They're kind of a bush that grows into a little bit of a vine where you cantrain the branches. And they're easy to grow in the fact that they need full sun. And gooddrainage and lots of water. And the best time to transplant them is in the winter or earlyspring. Because you don't want to transplant them once they've started to grow and they'vestarted to bloom or they have new leaves or when they have fruit on them, because thenyou'll lose the fruit for that year. So you
want to transplant them in the fall when allthe foliage is died back and all the grapes have been taken off of them, and there's nothingbut stem left. And when you transplant them, be very careful not to cut them back too farto the ground, because sometimes if you cut it all down it won't come back. But then again,it is a root. So even if you do cut it all the way down, most of the time, it will comeback. But if possible, leave it a few feet tall so that you've got some main branchescoming up that you can trim them back so you're really only trimming down the branches wherethey're coming in where they're still on the small side. Once they become woody, if youcut it down to that point, it might just die.
So you want to make sure that the next yearthere's going to be some new growth. So basically, cut it back down to the point where there'sstill some foliage or there was some leaves this year. And just trim it down, cut it awayfrom its supports, dig it up, and leave it at least one foot around or more. Becauseyou're trying not to disturb the roots too much. Because it's better to leave the dirton the roots and to leave them solid and then turn around and transplant them in a new spotright away. Because if you do cut back the roots too much, sometimes you disturb themtoo and then you have to wait even longer for them to produce fruit again.
Grape Hyacinth Muscari armeniacum How to grow Grape Hyacinth
I love a patch of Grape Hyacinths. You cansee that they get their name from the color in the clusters of flowers on the little spikes.Actually the tops of these have been a little frost blasted, but they are still a wonderfuldisplay. Muscari armeniacum is the botanical name for this particular type of Grape Hyacinth.There are other species as well. There are some that give you a larger bloom, some tingedwith white, some are even in the hotter color frames, the pinks and the reds, yellows andorange. We may have one blooming down below. It is a Fall planted bulb. Plant these inthe Fall like you would a Crocus or a Daffodil and then what happens is it spends the Winterdormant and it comes up in early Spring and
gives you this great display of dark blueto purple flowers. Then after the flowers have died back the foliage still hangs around,it's continuing to gather nutrients and send sugars to the root bulb for flowering nextyear, to get it through the long Winter and for it to flower next year. I have some Muscarihere at the garden that are almost evergreen. Their leaves stayed around all Winter long.This is not one of them. This actually came up this Spring. The honey bees are workingit, it's fragrant. Its a wonderful, wonderful eyecatching contrast to the yellows and thewarmer colors of the Daffodils next to it. Muscari Grape Hyacinth are a carefree, veryeasily grown Spring bulb. Again, you plant
them in the Fall. No problem coming up. Youdo want to avoid wet, swampy soils and other than that, you're good to go. Not many thingswill mess with the Grape Hyacinth. I suppose that moles and voles may be a problem in someareas, but I haven't even had squirrels mess with ours. Muscari armeniacum.