Concord Grapes Smoothie

Caring for Young Grape Vines

My name is David Handley, I'm with the Universityof Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about how to prune and traina young grapevine. This is a vine that was planted last spring. We got it from a dormantplant, or rooted cutting, and you can see the original part of the planting right here.This is what we got from the nursery, with a good root system under it. We planted it,and we had a bud break and some vine growth. This is last year's growth right here. Thiswas a green shoot. Typically, you may get more than one shoot developing. You may haveseveral buds on here. We want to prune this back to one strong vine, your strongest one.We're going to arrange for that to be tied

up to a trellis, because this particular vineis what's going to become our permanent trunk, or the permanent part of the plant that'sgoing to be with us for the life of the planting. We want to make sure it's the strongest ofthe vines that we can choose from. Any other one that developed that's very weak, we canjust cut that out, select our best one. The time of year to make these cuts are whenthe canes are dormant, and this is going to be really any time after the new year, untilthey bud out in late March, early April. We hope in the first year that we get enoughgood growth that we can tie it to the lower trellis wire.Typically here in Maine, we're going to be

pruning to either a four arm kniffin trainingsystem, or an umbrella kniffin training system. Those trellises consist of two wires, oneset at about two and a half feet, and a second wire set at about five feet.We hope in the first year that we're going to get enough good growth to reach at leastthe bottom wire, but in order to make sure it's growing straight, you can see we supportedthis with a small bamboo pole. Any kind of planting stake will work, and we just tiethat vine up as it grows, rather than let it grow along the ground where it can getrot problems, and not develop a nice straight growth like we want. We tie it up, just likeyou'd tie up a beef steak tomato, get the

growth that you want.As I said, we've got pretty good buds here, reaching up to the first wire. You can seethat I actually make it to the top wire, but you can see the growth up here is very scrawnyand spindly, and isn't really going to lead to a good, strong trunk. I'd rather actuallystart new growth for reaching to this top wire for next year.What that means is that I'm actually going to cut this off here, rather low, to try toget this bud here to break and give me a much stronger shoot to develop my trunk to thetop wire next year. I can just take that there, and then, instead of using the bamboo polethis year, I can just tie it to the wire.

This bud will hopefully break, and give mea good, strong shoot, that I'm going to reach the second wire next year. Of course, thesebuds lower down will also break, and if this one happens to be weak, I may select one ofthese. But, if this bud does turn out to be a strong shoot, I'll be cutting these offnext winter and getting my single trunk back up to the top wire.Next year, when this does reach the top wire, eventually what we'll be doing is taking oneyear old cane, and either draping it over this top wire and connecting it to the bottomwire in an umbrella kniffin, or we'll be taking one cane at the top wire on each side, andone cane at the bottom wire on each side,

to create four arms of one year old growth,for a four\uc0\u8209 arm kniffin system. Both systems work pretty well for concretetype grapes here in a cold climate like Maine.

5 MORE Incredible Smoothie Recipes

You guys seemed to love our first smoothie tutorial so much, I thought it was time for round two. Today I'm sharing five more delicious, healthy breakfast smoothie recipes. Today I'm going to besharing a Fun Dandy smoothie, and amazing Green Goodness smoothie, a wonderful Berries and Beets smoothie,

a Funky Monkey smoothie, and finally a Pumpkin Pie smoothie that actually tastes a lot like dessert. I absolutely love thisgorgeous purple smoothie, because it features both grapes and plums, and it really has the perfect balance of sweetness and tartness. It's a great way to start off your day.

To our blender, we're going to start by adding some almond milk. Now you could also use dairy milk, soy milk, or hemp milk. Any milk will really do. You just want to make sure that you're adding your liquids first,closest to the blade. That really helps thesesmoothies blend up beautifully.

To that, we are going toadd some concord grapes. Now, this is the perfect season for them. They're so delicious. They're sweet and sour,which I absolutely love. We're also going toadd two beautiful plums that I've just sliced up, and then a banana for smoothness. Now if you don't want to add the banana,

you could also add some Greek yogurt here, or a little bit of avocado. Basically we're just trying to create sort of that creamy texture that makes smoothies so delicious. And presto, you have agorgeous purple drink that's perfect forbreakfast, lunch, or dinner. Next up is our Green Goodness smoothie,

which I love because it features a whole lot of vegetables The base of this green smoothie is going to be some green tea. I just brewed some greentea and let it cool. Now I'm going to add it to my blender. Now green tea containsa ton of antioxidants, and obviously has no calories,

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