Best Grapes For Wine And Eating

Umbrella Kniffin System for Growing Grapes

David Handley: I'm David Handley, with theUniversity of Maine Cooperative Extension, and we're here to talk about pruning grapes.Very simple system for farnorthern production. Here in Maine, we need to protect the vinesas best we can through the winter, but at the same time try to get enough light andexposure to the canes that we're going to get good fruit set, and good fruit quality. One of the systems you can use for labruscatype or concord type grapes, which are the ones that do best here in Maine, which isthe umbrella kniffin. As opposed to the four arm kniffin, the umbrella kniffin puts allof its canes up at the top, or the first year

growth that's going to fruit. What we're talking about with cane growthhere is one yearold growth that has a chocolate brown color, and nice smooth bark with budson it. We're going to be saving four canes, plus the permanent trunk, to give us all ofour fruiting structure. Everything else is going to be coming off of here, and that includesanything that fruited last year. You can tell the two yearold canes, or thecanes that fruited last year, because they'll be thicker, and they'll have gray, peelingbark. All of these are going to come off, and we're going to save the one yearold canewith the chocolate brown color, and the smooth

bark. The first step in pruning is to look at ourpermanent trunk and remove all of the two yearold growth, the growth that fruited lastyear, saving a few canes that we'll be using for fruiting this year. Our first step isto cut some of these off, looking at that older bark there. We just cut that out, getit right out of there. This will open up the planting, and that twoyearold wood is not going to fruit. Unless we take it out, we'll find that our fruitingwood gets further and further away from the trunk. Part of the reason we're pruning isto keep that fruiting wood concentrated right

near the trunk. With the umbrella kniffin, which is what we'repruning to here, we're only going to maintain four of those fruiting canes. We want themall concentrated near the top of the trunk, or the top wire on our twowire trellis. We'regoing to take each of the canes that remain behind. As you can see here, here's my nicefruiting cane, smooth bark. All these are buds that are going to breakand give us long, green shoots that will have bunches of grapes on them. We're going todrape them over the top wire, and then we're going to attach them to the bottom wire, togive you that kind of quot;umbrellaquot; look, thus

the name of the system called the quot;umbrellakniffin.quot; Then we're going to cut off the ends of thecanes, so that there's only about 10 buds on each one. We just count those from thetrunk. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, 10. If I need to leave one ortwo on there to make it reach the bottom wire, that's fine. I'll just go to where I can attachthis to the bottom wire, like that. I need two for the other side, to completeour umbrella. You can see this leaves me with several other fruiting canes, and I need tosave some of those as well, but they don't need to be as long. What I'm calling theseare quot;renewal spurs,quot; because we need the buds

from these shoots to come out and give uscane that we'll be able to put up on the wire next year. For every fruiting cane that I'm leaving behind,I also need to cut some renewal cane, or renewal spurs, to provide us with fruiting wood fornext year. I just cut these back to one or two buds, and if they're not where I wantthem I can cut them off completely. But for every fruiting cane, I need to leave at leastone renewal spur. I tend to leave a couple of extra renewalspurs here in Maine, because I'm very sensitive to the fact that I'm likely to get winterinjury almost every year.

The Truth About Red Wines Health Benefits

A glass of wine a day keeps the away!NNOooooope don't care what the scientists say, I'm just gonna keep onnnnn drinkin. Hey everyone, Laci Green here for DNews. Redwine: it's got super powers righté It can fight cancer, inflammation, heart disease!This is thought to be because of 2 key components in wine: 1, the antioxidants, and 2, the ethanolalcohol itself. Red wine does have SOME antioxidants in it, in particular an antioxidant calledquot;resveratrolquot; (which is also found in dark chocolate). Resveratrol has been widely testedin lab animals, and scientists found that it improved animals' heart function, abilityto use insulin, and that it may also provide

some protective effects against diabetes andobesity. In humans, however, the benefits of resveratrol hadn't been tested.untilnow. A new study published in JAMA Internal Medicinemonitored the resveratrol metabolites in the urine of almost 800 Italians over the courseof 9 years. They found that more resveratrol didn't actually translate into lower ratesof cancer, heart disease, or risk of death. Womp, womp. The conclusioné It probably isn'tthe antioxidants doing the trick. The lead researcher at Harvard said that the reasonthe benefits may have been seen in lab animals and not humans is that it is almost impossiblefor a human to consume the AMOUNT of resveratrol

given to the animals in the study. In orderto consume the same amount, a human would have to drink 1000 Liters of red wine EVERY.DAY.whichwill send you on a nice little trip to your grave. Fun fact, the resveratrol health craze hascreated a 30 million dollar industry selling resveratrol supplements. There's no data onhow well they work, but scientists have noted that, like most supplements, your body probablycan't absorb the antioxidants in supplement form. Which means, you're better off eatinglots of greens, beans, and berries than drinking a glass of wine or taking an antioxidant supplement.

So this research doesn't mean that wine isn'ta heart healthy option there are still many studies demonstrating wine's abilityto raise good cholesterol, lower bad cholesterol, and protect the arteries from damage. Whatwe're learning is that it may just be the case that antioxidants aren't the reason whythe wine helps. It could be because of a different polyphenolic antioxidant in the wine, or fromthe ethanol. There's already been some research suggesting that it's small amounts of alcoholthat could be doing the trick, in which case, it's not necessarily red wine alone that canprovide the protective benefits. It could be any kind of alcohol! And MAYBE we see theeffect with wine drinkers particularly because

the serving size is small enough. We'll keep you updated if we see anymore studiesabout alcohol and your heart health. Thanks for joining me for DNews, I'll see you nexttime!.

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